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Purveyor of Farm and Ranch Livestock Supplies from cattle guards to saddle pads!

Cattle Guards instead of Gates

Cattle guards have been the staple of livestock control on the farm and ranch for decades. Farm gates are the workhorse of animal containment, but the inconvenience for the user created the desire for something better; something that didn’t require extra effort to pass through was needed. A system that allowed for effortless and frequent access through fence lines was needed.

Secure containment without the need to close a gate is paramount in remote and high traffic areas. Some people may have been granted access to your land who are not related to the ranch itself. These personnel are typically not as responsible at latching gates behind them every time they access the area as you are.

red farm gate with locking chain

The trouble with using farm gates

The traditional metal swing-gate did a fine job of keeping livestock contained in pastures, but required some discipline from those using them. The inconvenience of stopping equipment, climbing down to open a gate while fending off any curious livestock was more than just a pain in the neck to users.

Users would also need to actually drive through the gate while keeping animals at bay, only to stop again to ward them off and close the gate behind them. They also needed to make sure it was securely latched before leaving.

When making several trips a day through a fence-line, or relying on strangers that access the property to close them, was inconvenient. Livestock containment is not guaranteed. The installation and use of a cattle guard provides ease of use, peace of mind and is a huge time saver!

Gates are inconvenient are are only as secure as those using them – Cattle guards are fool proof

Gates require that everyone who uses them be responsible enough to make sure they are secured after being closed. A lot of pastures are in remote areas and need to accessed by non-ranchers. Land access may be granted to companies that operate cell phone towers, oil wells or other facilities. These areas require less than frequent maintenance by non-farm related personnel. The sporadic traffic by those not familiar with livestock, or maybe just more concerned with convenience than keeping animals contained, don’t always do the best job of keeping gates closed. Leaving them open after they enter a pasture because ‘there’s no cattle around’, only leads to animals sneaking out. With a cattle guard, there’s no more searching and rounding up escaped animals because someone left a gate open!

No more searching and rounding up escaped animals because someone left a gate open when using Cattle Guards!

The cattle guard design was born out of convenience and animal security. Once it was discovered that flat-hoofed livestock needed flat surfaces for secure footing, a design was born. The convenience of not opening and closing of gates was here to stay!


cattle guard with round top rails  truck crossing a cattle guard

 

Cattle Guards – Effective Livestock Barriers

To effectively keep cattle in the pasture where they belong without the use of a gate, a strong deterrent needs to be present. The standard cattle guard relies on two.

The optical deterrent

The first line of defense is the creation of a visible barrier. Cattle guards with round top-rails create shadows and a perception of depth that cows pick up on as treacherous. In fact, there are studies that show when presented with highly contrasting lines painted horizontally across a roadway, some cattle will be spooked enough not to cross. The optical barrier created by the shadows of the rounded rails, when coupled with the actual physical depth of the vaulted area beneath it, creates a strong disincentive for further exploration and will usually turn a cow before they even consider stepping on it.

The physical deterrent

When coupled with the visual perception of danger, the physical barrier of a Texas Gate usually creates an overwhelming urge to retreat. The most common guards are made with round top-pipe. This is so that when a large, flat-hoofed animals steps on it, it creates such an unstable balancing condition for the animal. They instinctively realize it is unsafe footing and realize it is an insurmountable obstruction. They will turn away before putting any real weight on their first ‘test hoof’ and be strongly persuaded to never go near it again.

Dangers and Shortcomings of Cattle Guards

We don’t recommend cattle guards be used with all animals. Some can walk right across (goats), some can leap over (deer) and they can present an outright danger to horses if one ever gets caught up in one.

Horses

With the convenience of using these round pipe crossings as effective barriers, there are also dangers present for other animals. The gaps between the top-pipes are excellent at creating unstable footing. They also add an optical impediment to crossing livestock and can create a hazard for other animals. The most at risk are horses and we strongly recommend that they not be used with equine. A horse has smaller hooves and thinner legs than bovine. Their slender legs can slide down between the rails to the bottom of the vaulted area. This puts the most fragile part of the leg at risk of breaking and as a flight animal.  When a horse begins to struggle to try and free itself, it can break it’s own leg trying to get out. There’s nothing worse than seeing a horse stuck in a cattle guard. We do not recommend cattle guard use with equine animals – best to use a gate.

Paws and Small Hoofs

cattle guard is not effective with non-hoofed animals such as dogs and cats. Other smaller, sure-footed hoofed creatures like goats and sheep and also cross. The soft pad of a paw allows the animals to walk across the rounded surface of the top pipe. Some smaller hoofed animals can also achieve balance on top of the rails for an easy traverse. Goats are great at balancing on almost anything including cattle guards.

Deer

One exception we have seen is with deer. Even though they have smaller hooves, they don’t like the unstable footing and will usually look for other paths or routes to roam. However, due to their incredible jumping abilities, we recommend a 12′ or deeper guard to provide a sufficient deterrent for large leaps. They are able to easily jump a 6′ or 8′ distance, but usually won’t attempt a 12′ or longer jump.

Texas Gate Summery

Whether using in a large farm and ranch operation with frequent traffic or a remote area with sporadic traffic, a cattle guard can be an excellent option to keeping your livestock contained. They’ll effortlessly keep them where you want them: grazing and growing.  Keep in mind they don’t work for all animals, but they’re a terrific option for cattle and provide the ultimate convenience for vehicles.

Visit Barn World for their large selection and ask their knowledgeable staff if a guard is right for your operation. They’re also happy to put together a quote with shipping right to your job site!

Barn World | Sales@BarnWorld.com | (720) 238-2190

 

cattle guards and concrete foundations  cattle guard being removed from a box

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Cattle Guards make livestock containment a breeze

 

Cattle Guards allow easy access to farm and ranch pastures by eliminating the need for gates. They give free and open access through fence-lines but keep livestock contained. All of our cattle guards are constructed with heavy wall steel pipe and extra thick steel channel beams. The ends are capped to prevent rust and wings and boxes are available with all sizes.

Different Types of Cattle Guards

Below are a few different designs for standard and specialized uses. Traditional installations mount directly to concrete foundations while the boxed feature allows it to be used without a foundation.

Boxed style cattle guards


boxed cattle guard

The round top rail cattle guards are available with a box welded around the perimeter. Boxed styles are designed to lay directly on flat ground on a crushed gravel bed for proper drainage. To help prevent movement and settling, they can be bolted down to buried railroad ties.

In many cases, they’re at construction sites to clean equipment, as wash rack to hose down vehicles or rumble strips to rattle dirt off passing trucks. The lack of foundation makes them valuable in remote locations such as cell phone towers and other low traffic areas such as driveways or distant grazing land.

In all cases a local contractor familiar with soil conditions and drainage considerations should be consulted when planning an installation.

Flat Rail Cattle Guards

heavy duty cattle guard with flat top rails

The flat style is designed to be mounted on cement footings and is the most popular for use in high traffic areas and public roadways. They are bolted directly to the concrete footings and have a ‘vaulted’  area, or empty space underneath. This provide a visual deterrent to animals and is very effective in dissuading them from making an attempt to cross over.

For these permanent installations, an optional hinged section made up of three top rails can be swung open to allow for cleaning out the area beneath. It makes it a lot easy to remove debris that may have collected in the vault. This feature is not available on all guards, but may be included with the flat top rail design.

General Cattle Guard Notes

Below are some general notes, considerations and guidelines that can help you make the proper selection for your project.

Load Ratings

All of our cattle guards are built to carry the weight of fully loaded tractor-trailers. The most economical is the private-use category, popular for driveways and general farm use. We estimate the load carrying capacity to be around 12 tons per axle and they’re designed for use on private driveways and with general farm equipment access.

The American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO) provides guidelines for cattle guards and establishes maximum load ratings. The ratings are designed to match all types of applications and uses. (See the table at the bottom of this article for more details on the load ratings.)

AASHTO Load Design Specifications

  • H-15 (12 tons per axle)
  • H-20 (16 tons per axle)
  • U-54 (25 tons per axle)
  • U-80 (30 tons per axle)

Rated cattle guards will meet the specifications needed for state and federal requirements such as DOT, BLM, USFS, NP, and US Military installations. They are also used in commercial applications such as mining, forestry, agriculture, and petroleum production. Rated cattle guards are the product of choice for residential usage where city, county, or state regulations require the HS20 rating. Certified structural steel is used in the manufacture of HS20 rated cattle guards.

HS20 cattle guards will be certified by an independent engineering firm to meet commercial standards and are intended for government bids. For use on private land, buying standard cattle guards will save you thousands of dollars, are identical in size and are made out of the same materials. They just do not come with the certifications and paperwork all the way back to the steel mill that government agencies require. If a non-rated guard for a private drive is needed, use a standard cattle guard.

Cattle guards may be constructed with 3″, 3-1/2″ or 4″-1/2″ pipe.  The 4″ pipe allows for an approximate gap of 4″ between each pipe and be built with 9 pieces.  The 3-1/2″ outside diameter pipe guards have 11 pieces and are approximately 12-1/2″ tall.

There is no difference in strength between the boxed cattle guard and the flat styles of cattle guards.  These cattle guards are designed to accommodate full semi loads at 10 tons per axle.  All cattle guards weigh about 100 Lbs. per foot (a 10′ cattle guard weighs about 1,000 Lbs.). Add approximately 8 Lbs. per foot for boxed cattle guards and about another 200 Lbs. total for winged cattle guards.

Using Cattle Guards with Deer

To use for deer, you may need to place two cattle guards in tandem so you have 16 feet of protection. Cattle guards are easily bolted together to achieve greater distances in the direction of travel and create a larger deterrent for any animal wishing to attempt a jump.  Please note that we recommend standard gates be used when containing horses, goats, all small hoofed and sure-footed animals and animals with paws.

Ordering your cattle guard:

For a shipping quote, please send us an email with your destination zip code and quantity or feel free to call the telephone number at the bottom of this page with any questions you may have about our cattle guards.

When ordering cattle guards you will pay for the order without the shipping and we will collect the exact shipping cost with a second charge to the credit card used for the order.
Note: You must have equipment available to unload the cattle guards from the delivery vehicle when it arrives. The delivery truck will require you to unload the cattle guard with a loader or fork lift or some other means upon delivery.

Note with regard to dimensions: Private use cattle guards are NOT built to exact dimensions. Sizes may vary slightly. Adding the removable box option will add about 7″ to the total length and width of the cattle guard. For example, a 12 foot cattle guard will be about 12′-7″.

If you have any questions, would like a quote with shipping or if we can help with anything at all, please don’t hesitate to contact us. We’ll be glad to assist in anyway we can.

Don’t forget, Barn World is your headquarters for all your farm and ranch supplies including hay feeders, livestock scales, saddle pads and even grain bins.  We have a complete selection of livestock supplies for you everyday needs.

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What Exactly Is a Bushel? The Question Turns People Into Basket Cases

Here’s a great article from the Wall Street Journal about the complexities of measuring and trading in bushels. We all use the term frequently when describing grain bin capacities, but when using the term to trade large quantities or set commodity prices, the actual calculations become quite involved and the quantity traded can become pretty ‘abstract’ as described in the article below.

The Winchester bushel, named for a British town, dates back centuries.

Picture of a bushel of soybeans

Prices of agricultural commodities are quoted that way, even though many have never actually come across the baskets; ‘kind of an abstract amount’

Soybean prices have long been quoted in bushels at the Chicago Board of Trade.

Charlie Neibergall/Associated Press

Lucy Craymer

Trade tensions between the U.S. and China this year have caused gyrations in soybean prices, which recently climbed above $9 a bushel. They also have people buried in soybean math.

Prices of agricultural commodities have for decades been quoted in bushels at the Chicago Board of Trade, yet many traders and farmers have never actually come across soybeans in the quaint wooden basket that has existed for centuries.

“Most people haven’t seen a bushel basket—I never have,” said Anthony Stinton, a soybean meal trader in Greeley, Colo. Scrawled on a yellow sticky-note on his computer is a formula he punches into a calculator multiple times a day to convert metric tons of soybeans grown in Brazil into their American bushel equivalent. “It’s kind of an abstract amount,” Mr. Stinton said.

A bushel of soybeans is roughly enough dry beans to fill eight gallons or 2,150.42 cubic inches of space, the capacity of a traditional bushel basket. That is the equivalent of 60 pounds of soybeans. In the Bible, bushels were used as containers for grains, seeds and flour. At farm stands and markets, bushels can be found filled with apples, crabs and raw vegetables. The phrase “a bushel and a peck” is fairly well known thanks to a popular “Guys and Dolls” song. (A peck is a quarter of a bushel, or eight quarts.)

commodity trader keeps the conversion rates for soybeans and corn stuck to his computer.

commodity conversion rate formulas

Trader Anthony Stinton keeps the conversion rates for soybeans and corn stuck to his computer. Photo: Anthony Stinton

In the commodities world, they are a mathematical headache. Ariel Haendler, global head of soybean trading at Chinese state-owned trading giant Cofco International, said he always carries a calculator when he attends strategy discussions with colleagues and uses it to convert metric weights into bushels. (1 metric ton of soybeans = 36.74 bushels.)

During those meetings, there is “always a 10-second break when we make these big calculations on these calculators going back and forth like we’re in the fourth grade,” said the Swiss-based American trader. Even though Mr. Haendler has the formula memorized, getting the numbers wrong could be potentially costly, he added.

To help market participants with their math, CME Group Inc., which operates the Chicago Board of Trade, has a 44-page pocket guide that includes scores of weight-conversion tables for a range of commodities.

For example, it recommends that to convert 11,000 metric tons of soybeans to bushels, users can simply add the conversions for 10,000 metric tons (367,437 bushels) and 1,000 metric tons (36,744 bushels) to get the total of 404,181 bushels of soybeans. Each soybean futures contract is made up of 5,000 bushels.

On the Scott family farm in Delphi, Ind., there isn’t a bushel to be found. “It’s just an idea in our head,” says Brian Scott, who grows soybeans with his father and grandfather along with corn and wheat. “We think in bushels but they don’t really measure in bushels,” he said.

Soybean farmer in Indiana.
Brian Scott grows soybeans on the family farm in Indiana. Photo: Brian Scott

Instead, trucks are filled to the brim with commodities and sent to a depot to be weighed before the produce is sold to trading firms. ”When you deliver, they measure in pounds,” Mr. Scott said, noting they give a receipt with a bushel measurement too. One truckload of beans weighs roughly 1,000 bushels, he says.

America remains an outlier holding on to the old imperial, or U.S. customary system, of pounds and acres when the rest of the world has largely shifted to the metric system of kilograms and hectares. Other countries that use the imperial system include Liberia and Myanmar. In addition to bushels, the U.S. also uses pecks and lugs, which are wooden boxes of no standard size.

Traders say the challenge with bushels is that they are a measurement of volume, so the weight of whatever is in it varies depending on the commodity. While soybeans and wheat weigh roughly the same, corn is slightly lighter.

“If I take the price of Chicago wheat and I want to know what it means for the rest of the world, I multiply it by 36.7437,” said Chris Bird, a senior global wheat trader at Engelhart Commodities Trading Partners, without missing a beat. As he has to do the conversion 20 or 30 times a day, “I have it set up on my screen to do it but honestly I could almost do it in my head,” he added.

He wasn’t so quick with commodities he doesn’t trade. “Corn is 39 something-something-something…” Mr. Bird said. “It’s very random.”

There’s also confusion between Canadian and U.S. bushels, which have different capacities. The latter is also known as the Winchester bushel—named after a British town—first mentioned in a law in the 17th century and was defined as a barrel that is 18-1/2 inches wide and 8 inches deep. The measurement was abolished by the English in 1835, a year before the U.S. Department of Treasury adopted it as a unit of measure.

The Winchester bushel, named for a British town, dates back centuries.

picture of a bushel

The Winchester bushel, named for a British town, dates back centuries. Photo: SSPL/Getty Images

FarmLead, a Canadian-based online marketplace for soybeans, wheat and other commodities trades, has a calculator on its website for customers to convert pounds, tons or other measures to American bushels. The soybeans currently for sale on its site are stored in a flat bottom bin.

Before deals are done, people often need to “scribble out their math” or “double check the conversion” to make sure buyers and sellers are talking about the same amounts, said Alain Goubau, the company’s chief operating and financial officer. At the end of the day, traders have little choice but to hew to the American system, he said, adding: “It comes down to—do you want to be right or do you want to do business?”

Brian Rohrig’s hog farm outside Des Moines, Iowa, sometimes uses physical bushels made of aluminum to measure soybean meal before it is mixed into feed for the pigs.

The bushel baskets are a decent volume gauge, said Mr. Rohrig, but there’s one downside: they are much heavier than a five-gallon pail. The machine his farm uses to mix animal feed now has its own weighing scale, so there is less need for the bushels, he added.

loading soybeans into a truck

loading soybeans into a truck

Soybeans unloaded onto a truck in Illinois. Photo: Daniel Acker/Bloomberg News

Lucy Craymer at Lucy.Craymer@wsj.com

 

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How to Choose A Cattle Guard

Benefits of Cattle Guards

The benefits of having cattle guards on your property drastically outweighed the one-time burden of installation. How do you choose what design would be best for your operation? It commonly boils down to choosing between the style of the top pipe:  round or flat and the type of traffic that will be using it.

cattle guard on concrete foundations  cattle guard being removed from steel box

Round pipe cattle guards

Physical Barrier Characteristics:

The most aggressive of the steel cattle guards are made with round top pipe and provide a substantial physical livestock barrier. Its curved surface provides the least stable footing possible so your cattle can’t find a balanced or sturdy place to put their weight. The hoof will rock forward or backward and give the most uncomfortable footing possible that’s almost impossible to balance on.

Even if one of your animals does attempt to try a step on a top rail, the experience of the unsettling instability will make them turn the other way and they won’t bother to test it again. The inability to find stable footing on a round-pipe is the most effective physical deterrent besides a gate.

Visual deterrent:

Both round and flat pipe cattle guards provide a visual deterrent in addition to their physical barrier. They are traditionally mounted on concrete footings like a bridge which creates an open vaulted area underneath.  The drop under the top rails provides a visual cue of depth that in itself, can prevent cattle from attempting to cross.

There have been studies done with visual illusions painted on flat asphalt that resulted in cattle turning away even though the surface was perfectly flat. Researchers painted the illusion of pipes and a corresponding shadow to create the illusion of depth. When the cattle were exposed to the artwork, they assumed it was an unstable and elevated and did not attempt to cross.

This optical trick worked for a limited amount of time but eventually did break down after a few days as one of the cattle (the bravest apparently) did place a hoof on it and eventually crossed. The others soon followed and the illusion barrier on it’s own, was defeated.

Boxes for cattle guards:

Barn World offers round pipe cattle guards that have the option of being permanently boxed, an option for laying directly on the ground, or with a removable box for cleaning underneath.

Permanent box 

A steel skirt welded is all the way around the exterior, it may be placed directly on the ground. The permanent box keeps dirt from creeping when used without a foundations. It does not bear any weight and is only there to prevent dirt from creeping underneath. The design is simply laid on the ground with a dirt ramp up on either side for vehicle crossings. It’s very popular for low traffic areas and for use in construction sites as wash-outs and rumble strips. It can be used to clean construction equipment before going out on a public roadway.

Removable box

The standalone box stays in the ground so you can lift the guard and clean underneath.  The design keeps the surrounding area from being disturbed! It’s a nice feature that allows for a complete cleaning if you have the equipment to lift the guard.

The round pipe design is available in an economical private-use or in a highway rating. The HS20, public highway rating is 16 tons per axle and require for use in public roadway projects.

Flat Pipe Cattle Guards

The flat pipe provides the benefit of allowing high-speed traffic to cross more smoothly than a round pipe design. The pipe is flat on top with a large space between each rail. This design is still very effective against hoofs but provides high speed vehicles a smoother ride.

flat pipe cattle guard with concrete foundations

flat pipe cattle guard with concrete foundations

These cattle grids are also available to ship with precast concrete cattle guard foundations that can be lowered directly into the ground without the need for pouring concrete on site. The foundations come with anchor bolts already poured in them. The grid may bolted down to the concrete in the field. The precast foundations are useful in remote areas where concrete is not available.

Flat top pipe guards are available in a wide variety of load ratings for all types of different projects:

Flat Top Pipe Load Rating Availability

H-15 (12 tons per axle)
H-20 (16 tons per axle)
U-54 (25 tons per axle)
U-80 (30 tons per axle)

Secure your livestock and provide easy access to pastures with the right cattle guards for your property. You don’t always need to open a close a gate to keep your animals secure!

For more information or for help with planning, please let us know and we’ll be happy to help. Sales@BarnWorld.com or (720) 238-2190. Check out our Livestock Youtube Channel!

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Collapsing hay feeders – a unique design from Tarter

Flexible Round Bale Feeder for Cattle

Feeding with a traditional livestock bale feeder doesn’t present much of a challenge out in the middle of your pasture. You’ll typically take the tractor, drop the hay inside and call it an afternoon, after all this is how it has been done for years. Like all livestock equipment suppliers, we carry a large inventory of the traditional hay feeders, but we came across this new design from Tarter and think it’s worth a look!

Trouble with Traditional Hay Feeders

The problem with a large fixed ring hay feeder is that once your livestock eat the outer layers of the bale, the bale shrinks in size to the point where they can’t reach it anymore. The hay is just out of reach and all it does is entice them to lean against the feeder. This of course leads to metal bending and even cattle climbing inside the feeder to finish off the bale in the center. This can lead to injury and the exciting struggle of trying to help them out!

The ‘Flex Feeders’ are uniquely designed to shrink in size as the bale get smaller and allow your animals to eat the bale entirely. Each of the panels of these feeder are hinged like a door so that when leaned upon, instead of bending, they will actually slide inward around the remaining bale to provide consistent access until it is gone.

Cattle and Horse Hay Feeder Designs

The cattle feeder is made with a top bar all the way around the vertical bars while the horse design is open at the top. See the pictures and videos below for each style and consider this feeder the next time you’re looking for a new bale feeder. This unique design is worth exploring!

As always, if we can help with anything at all, call us at (720) 238-2190, email Sales@BarnWorld.com or visit our website at BarnWorld.com today!

Collapsible Cattle Feeder

Flexible Round Bale Feeder for Cattle

collapsible hay feeder

Flexible Cattle Hay Feeder Video

Cattle Hay Feeder Review

Most of the traditional hay feeders out on the market are just a solid, metal round ring. This closed top flex feeder for cattle has a closed ring around the top for extra strength and is built in multiple, flexible sections. At each section, it’s hinged together almost like a door so as cows consume the hay bale, the flex feeder actually closes around the size of hay that remains inside the feeder as it shrinks.

This feeder makes sure all the hay is accessible

What this allows you to do, no matter the size of the remaining bale or the herd size you have, is give you animals access to your hay not matter the remaining size.  The pressure that your animals put on the panels causes the feeder to shrink to the size of the bale. This is nice because as opposed to your traditional, fixed, round bale feeders, the flexible panels won’t get crushed and bent as your animals try to get to the last bit a hay remaining in the center of the feeder. Some traditional feeders can get absolutely destroyed in a matter of hours by larger livestock leaning against the fixed feeder walls.

Hinges are the key!

With the closed top flex feeder, when pressure is applied to the panels, the hinges allow it to slide inward and closer to the hay bale so your livestock have access and eat until the bale is completely gone. The hinged sections are designed with safety in mind and are perfectly safe for all of your farm and ranch animals.

The flexible panel feeder will make you happy as well because your cattle going to make cleanup of that remaining hay effortless and minimize any waste, saving you hay.

The benefit of the flex feeder is that it allows the cattle to get to that last bite of hay. Nothing is inaccessible and wasted and the feeder will serve 8-10 head of cattle.

 

The Flexible Horse Hay Feeder

Collapsing Horse Hay Feeder

Flexible horse hay feeder collapses around large hay bales.

Flexible Horse Hay Feeder Video

Hay Feeder Review

This adjustable feeder is built for both livestock and horses to have easy access to large bales from when the bale starts out large and uneaten, all the way down to the smaller size when consumed. The pin and loop connections are safe for horses and make it easy to set up. The panels move easily when the bale gets smaller. This provides access as it’s consumed. The sides are moved inward by your animals under normal feeding pressures. The strong frame is made with steel, 1-3/4″ steel tubing and the hay-saving steel skirt keeps loose hay from being trampled. Keep your large bales accessible not matter the changing size with this unique design from Tarter.

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Cattle Oilers: Livestock Pest Control

barn world header

It’s that time of year again where everything is growing by leaps and bounds. Your cattle have made it through the winter and are feasting on the newly acquired grasses and the new calves are making good weight gains.

This unfortunately also means that disease carrying pests such as horn and face flies, lice and mosquitoes are becoming abundant and are ready to reek havoc on your herd.  Enter the cattle oilers!

Cattle oiler with brushes   cattle oiler with mop

Cattle oilers for livestock pest control

During the spring and summer months, cattle farmers are looking for healthy weight gains in their animals, but unfortunately, there are many insects looking to feed on farm and ranch animals that can disrupt the health of not just your cows, but all of your livestock. These pests can also carry and spread debilitating diseases as well.

Livestock Pests and Disease

Flies cause stress and limiting grazing time, weight gains

The horn fly is usually seen riding on the backs of cattle, where they can burrow all the way down to the animal’s hide. Once there, they’ll bite repeatedly throughout the day drawing blood. It’s estimated that each fly can bite 20 or more times a day, and that’s just one fly! This constant biting creates stress in its host and creates an itching sensation.  This itchiness disrupts grazing time and interferes with weight gains. With milking cows, the stress and discomfort can lower output and when nursing, can cut calf weight gains as well.

Another very common disease spreading fly is the common face fly. This fly feeds on external fluids, most commonly from the eye. The irritation to the eye is particularly annoying and the constant peskiness as the fly tries to access the fluid creates stress, limits grazing time and can spread disease such as pinkeye throughout the herd.  Pinkeye is very serious as it can cause not only discomfort but can lead to blindness.

Types of Cattle Oilers for insect control

Fortunately, there is help out there for our livestock.  Livestock oiler designs are for the most part pretty straightforward, effective and simple to use.  They provide effective pest control and best of all, some are self-applicating!

Cattle Ear Tags

The ear tags are popular and can be effective but has some disadvantages that self-applicating oilers do not.

  1. Tags require that you run your cattle through chute and put them through a stressful environment to physically attach the tag. This also requires extra man-hours and increases the potential for injury.
  2. Ear tags also lose their effectiveness and don’t offer full-strength protection year-round as their potency diminishes over time. This requires that they be removed and replaced with another ear tag, costing time, money and stressing the animals once again..

A ‘one-time’ topical treatment also wears off over time, degrades in the rain and needs to be re-applied to maintain it’s performance and effectiveness.

Insecticide Self-Application

To provide constant and effective livestock pest control, a full-strength application needs to be maintained throughout the season. One of the great advantages of Cattle Oilers is that the pesticide is consistently self-administered. They rely on the animal’s natural instinct to rub and scratch areas that bother them which applies insecticide right where it’s needed.  This is especially true with the brush oiler designs as they can be used to remove winter hair, nasty pests and be an effective applicator.

Not only are animals able to apply fly protection by themselves, but the constant use of the brushes keeps maximum repellent effectiveness consistent throughout the fly season.  There’s no need to reapply anything to the animals as the season goes on as they are keeping themselves protected!

Brush oilers

One of the most popular oiler designs is a tank that holds insecticide coupled with strong brushes for application. Typically a top brush is mounted on a steel spring while a side brush is mounted through a bracket to a wall or post to provide the support needed.

cattle oiler with brushes and a steel tank

As livestock rub up against the brushes the liquid is applied and rubbed into their coats. This is an extremely effective method of application as it gets down into the hair of the animal for maximum effectiveness.

The brushes are so desired by cattle that cattle groomers are offered for removing winter and excess hair. They are the same as the oilers, but they don’t dispense insecticide and don’t use or need a tank..

cattle groomer for removing hair

MOP OILERS

Another oiler design uses a tank wrapped in felt with a mop used as an applicator. Typically hung in a mineral feeder or traffic alleyway, these gravity fed systems are excellent for keeping face flies at bay.

cattle oiler with string mop and steel tank

A rounded tank with small holes in the sides will ‘leak’ insecticide when tipped by anails as they go by in an alley or feeder out of a feeder.  The small holes release liquid to the felt that is wrapped around the tank and held in place with wire mesh before it is then released to the mop itself. This prevents constantly leaking and provides the liquid only when in use.

Below is a picture of a cattle oiler with mop being used in an upright mineral feeder.  As the cows goes in for the mineral, the animal is gently blanketed with the oiler mop and the insecticide is applied automatically. A simple yet effective design for sure.

upright mineral feeder with cattle oiler installed

These are not the only types of oilers being used in the industry but they are very popular and used across the country for effective pest management. Always consult your veterinarian for the appropriate insecticide or pest repellent to use before applying to your herd.

Please see BarnWorld.com for a large selection of livestock pest controls and feel free to call 720.238.2190 anytime!

 

 

 

 

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Tombstone Hay Feeder Design

The HiQual Tombstone Round Bale Feeder Design

The HiQual Tombstone Hay Feeder design provides both protection for the feeder from abuse and hay savings for your farm and ranch operation. They are available for both horses and livestock and below is a quick rundown of how these feeders are designed for longevity and will provide reliable hay savings for years to come.

Below are excerpts from their promotional video and key points that illustrate how valuable this can be for you and your animals.

livestock hay feeder

Round Bale Feeder Features

The Tombstone Saver is the feeder that really got HiQual the map back in 1980s and was their first patented item. Their research and development department looked at the problems that were currently associated with hay bale feeding and there were two key issues that they identified: One was that horse hay feeders wasted too much feed and secondly, they just weren’t durable enough. So they came up with this new patented design which we refer to as a Tombstone.

Hay Saving Design

The key feature of this product is the fact that not only is it a tombstone design, but that the tombstones slope inward toward the bale.  This creates an inner ring and outer ring, so when a cow comes in to feed, as they’re picking at the bale, the loose feed drops inside the feeder instead of on the ground where gets trampled and wasted.  Another nice feature about this design is the fact that is that it’s got an open top.  Traditional bale feeders have a top ring, so what we found from our research is that when the cattle are feeding in this product, they tend to keep their head in the feeder rather lifting up and pulling feed out. So again, you get additional savings! How much you ask? Research at the University of Manitoba has shown that with the Tombstone Saver Horse Bale Feeder, you’ll save an average of about 60 pounds of hay for every thousand pounds fed as compared to a traditional slant bar style feeder. 

Tombstones protect the feeder from damage

Another great design feature you’ll find with the off-set tombstone design is one that protects the feeder from damage. When the cattle are feeding, they typically want to lean in and on the feeder, which can cause stress on the metal and cause bending or even breakage.  With the ‘off-set’ tombstone design, the animal’s legs are kept back away from the feeder before their shoulders can touch the tombstones. This takes away their leverage and they no longer have the ability to push against and move the feeder or cause damage to the uprights by leaning their shoulders or necks on them!

Heavy-duty Construction 

Some other key things to look at with this design, because there’s other round bale feeders on the market, is the material used in construction.  The upright hoops are welded directly to the top ring so it can take a lot of stress.  It’s also made out of a lot heavier gauge steel than a standard 16 gauge feeder. So for extra strength and longevity, HiQual uses an 11 gauge top ring!  On the Hay Saver, the sheeting is mounted on the outside of the lower hay rings to provide a smooth and strong outer hay-saving skirt design. The sheeting not only helps save hay by containing it, but just as importantly, it stops the cattle from climbing up and getting inside the feeder. This particular feeder comes with 15 feeding stations which is a very high capacity and it’ll take a 6 foot round bale.

Ease of loading

You can also actually take the feeder apart and with the hinge kit, open it up to help loading a hay bale. At the joint, you just take the bolts out and install the hinge. You can then simply pull the pin and open the feeder up which then allows you to easily feed with a three point hitch. This feeder is more convenient and more versatile than your typical livestock bale feeder.

Mud Legs

It’s also important to look at the bottom of the feeder. There are three mud legs on each feeder panel and what the mud legs do, is keep it up out of the mud, that’s why they call them mud legs but it also prevents it from freezing down to the ground in the winter. Imagine if your feeder’s bottom ring was down in the ground and frozen. When you came to move it with your loader by putting a chain over the top to grab it, you’d put a tremendous amount of unnecessary stress on the product. Again, it’s very important to keep that up off the ground and out of the mud.

Quality

One final thing to point out is that we are talking about quality and durability with HiQual products in general.  A simple design change makes a world of difference and you’ll find their Tombstone Hay Saver Feeder has a vertical support post which is welded between the top ring and the bottom ring underneath each tombstone. What that means is, when there’s pressure placed on the upright, you got the vertical posts, the horizontal ring and the sheet metal all working together in a coordinated fashion to prevent any bending. It all means that at the end of the day, this feeder will last you for 10, 15 or 20 years and won’t end up in the boneyard or out the back 40 being unused or discarded as a typical round hay bale feeder might.
Take a look at the quality of material and design of this feeder and compare to others out there, then call Barn World at (720) 238-2190 to get yours shipped directly to you today!
This feeder design is available as a traditional 15 station round bale feeder and also the larger, more heavy-duty 12 station bull hay feeder.

Bull Tuff and Have Saver side-by-side

Notice the Bull Tuff is slightly larger with more distance between the tombstones while the Hay Saver has the skirt welded to the outside for a smooth outer look to prevent climbing.

horse hay feeder tombstone  Bull Hay Feeder

Tombstone Hay Feeder Video Description

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Cattle Guard Questions Answered!

barn world header with a red barn and horsesEach Spring we get a lot of questions about the use and effectiveness of cattle guards.  Whether it’s selecting the proper load-rating, to what animals they truly work with, a few quick, concise answers can provide decades of convenience and security.  Below is a quick outline of the various types, load ratings, benefits and dangers to be aware of when using these effective livestock barriers.

cattle guard out of the ground

BENEFITS OF CATTLE GUARDS

CONVENIENCE

It’s probably obvious, but cattle guards don’t require any effort to operate!  Once installed, there really isn’t anything to do except drive across them.  On the other hand, the typical livestock gate requires quite the production to use. The routine is to drive up to the gate and stop, chase any animals away from the opening as possible, jump back in your vehicle and pull through to stop yet again. Now, quickly get out and close the gate behind you before any of your herd decides to escape.

This is a tedious process and all but impossible when there is a group of animals near the gate.  Add a bit of weather or cold temperatures and it really becomes a hassle.  Frequently crossing a fence-line with hay equipment, tractors with feed or deliveries almost necessitates a more convenient option than a manual gate.

SECURITY

If the logistics of operating a gate are tough for you to deal with, imagine how attentive others will be when crossing your fence-line.  If you have third parties that need access to your pasture, such as maintenance crews for cell phone towers, oil rigs etc, they may not be as careful as you are when using them.  In fact, they may even leave it open thinking they’ll be back before an animal notices it’s open or forget to close it altogether.  There’s nothing like having to find and chase down your cattle because someone forgot to close a gate!

A cattle guard will provide peace of mind knowing that it literally cannot be left open and your animals will always be safe, secure and right where you left them.  No sleepless nights wondering if a gate was left open and no more calls from the neighbors or police about wandering animals.

HOW A CATTLE GUARD WORKS

There are a few different cattle guard designs out there but they all rely on the ability to present unstable footing and depth perception as deterrents. The combination of the two create a very effective livestock barrier!

PHYSICAL BARRIER

– Walking on a rounded surface with a flat foot is a difficult task.  Try it with a large hoof and an extremely rounded pipe and you will have a tough time balancing. Add a 1,000 pounds and you have real trouble!

We’ve all stood on top of a small, rounded rock (imagine crossing a stream) and realized how difficult it is to balance on the small, rounded surface. This is still difficult even though our foot does have some flexibility in it to help grip the rock. That is the design and physical component that makes cattle grids so effective.
The round pipes that make up the top of the guard create an extremely difficult and physically uncomfortable footing for a large-hoofed animals. Unable to get any kind of secure footing, they simply cannot put any weight on their leg for a place to stand.  The rounded surface doesn’t allow them to gain any type of stable footing. This sensation is extremely uncomfortable, unpleasant and so physically demanding that they remember this strong deterrent in the future.  This will help keep them from challenging the barrier in the future and most will shy away when it’s presented again.  Although some will never test it or put a hoof on the first rail, those that do don’t usually put weight on the first step and retreat to ‘safer pastures’.

VISUAL DETERRENT

The vaulted area dug under the guard creates a confusing and frightful illusion for cattle. They see the deep area under the guard and get the sensation that they can fall.  This confuses and distorts their depth perception when approaching and usually creates the desire to turn around.
There are some studies out there where a roadway was painted to create an optical illusion of depth, like that seen with a traditional cattle guard and almost all of the cattle that encountered it wouldn’t go across.  It was just paint on flat pavement, but the illusion was enough to keep them from crossing.

TYPES OF CATTLE GUARDS

Most ‘Texas Gates‘ are constructed out of steel and finished in either a powder-coat or directly applied enamel paint. In the rare case, they may be galvanized however that hot-dipping process does add substantial costs.

CONCRETE GUARDS

cattle guard form for concrete

Concrete Cattle Guard Form

finished concrete cattle guard on the grass

Concrete can also provide the same visual and physical deterrents to livestock that steel does. The nice thing about concrete is, you can order forms and make your own. Simply drop in the re-bar, pour the concrete into the form and removed to install in place when ready. The concrete cattle guards do come with an HS20, 16 ton/axle rating and you may pour as many as you like with a single form.

Load Ratings  – To install cattle guards in a public roadway, they must meet the HS-20 standards called out for by the Department of Transportation.  They require a carrying capacity of at least 16 tons per axle.  Below is a chart of the various load ratings and their capacities:

AASHTO Design Specifications

  • H-15 (12 tons per axle)
  • H-20 (16 tons per axle)
  • U-54 (25 tons per axle)
  • U-80 (30 tons per axle)

Most farms and ranches don’t need the DOT 16 ton per axle rate and will install the more economical private use cattle guards or go with the 12 ton per axle rating. They are much more economical and will still carry a fully loaded semi-truck but be sure to check with your local governing agencies before installing a cattle guard on your property. Some municipalities require specific ratings for government and emergency vehicles such as fire trucks that may need to access your property.

DANGERS OF CATTLE GUARDS

Although they work extremely well with cattle, they are not designed to prevent all animals were crossing. Small hoofed animals are quite agile and can balance easily on the rounded surface.  The smaller ‘foot-print’ allows them to balance quite easily so they don’t encounter the same unstable footing that presented by a large hoof.  Goats are a prime example, you won’t keep them in with a cattle grid.

Horses:  A special note is needed here as we do not recommend cattle guards be used with horses. Their slender hooves are able to slide down in between the rails which exposes their long, slender legs to high leverage and possible breakage. During the panic to remove themselves, they will struggle and could easily break their own leg in the effort. We highly recommend only traditional gates be used to contain horses.

Cattle guards provide an effective livestock barrier and a convenient method for vehicular traffic and equipment to cross fence lines while eliminating the risk of an open gate and a free herd of cattle. With proper installation, these gate-less entries can provide decades of containment for your largest groups of cattle.

If you have any questions or would like help selecting the proper guard for your operation, please contact Barn World Livestock Supplies today and they’ll be happy to help!

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The Fast-Start Hog Feeder from Osborne

Here is a quick re-cap of the new 4.5 bushel Osborne Pig Feeder that automatically switches from a traditional gravity fed feeder to a mechanical feeder all on it’s own! Keep the feed in front of your pigs and eliminate the ‘play waste’ as they grow automatically with this specially engineered feeder from Osborne.

Fast-Start-pig feeder Barn World

Pig Feeder Review – gravity to mechanical automatically!

Osborne Industries, the leader in hog feeding equipment recently announced its latest advancement in their signature line of no-waste, Big Wheel Hog Feeders.

The Fast-Start, wean-to-finish feeder features all the no-waste feed saving aspects of the Big Wheel family of mechanical flow feeders but operates as a gravity flow for newly weaned pigs and then, as the pigs grow, it converts automatically from gravity to mechanical feed flow!

HOW THE PIG FEEDER CONVERTS FROM GRAVITY TO MECHANICAL FLOW

When weaned pigs are put on the feeder, small slides in the feeder hopper bottom are open. As pigs grow, they begin turning a five spoke feed-wheel in the bottom of the trough which closes the slides on the feed hopper bottom. The turning of the feed wheel is what automatically converts the Fast-Start feeder from gravity to mechanical operation. Once in mechanical mode, a feed-sweep located in the bottom of the feed hopper and attached to the feed wheel, sweeps feed past the cone and out of the hopper into the trough. Feed falls through the center hole in the trough where it is dispensed to the pigs.  Once pigs are able to turn the feed wheel, the feeder makes it’s automatic conversion from gravity to mechanical flow.

fast start pig feeder interior view of the feed dispenser and trough
With the Fast-Start feeder, pigs receive all the great benefits of gravity flow feeding when they are small which provides access to fresh feed at all times. However, unlike traditional gravity fed feeders, no adjustment is ever necessary when the feeder is in gravity mode.

pig feeder diagram of the feed flow controls
Producers benefit from substantially reduced labor that is required to continually monitor and adjust traditional gravity flow feeders. With the Osobrne feeder, once the pigs turn the feed wheel, it automatically converts from gravity to mechanical flow.

BENEFITS OF MECHANICAL FEEDING

The mechanical flow design is the key to maximizing feed savings in finish feeding. No other feeding method can make the speed saving claims of the mechanical flow Big Wheel Feeders. Once the feeder converts to the mechanical flow mode and pigs stop eating, the feeder stops feeding which completely eliminates play waste.

ROUND HOG FEEDERS ARE A BETTER DESIGN

The round axis of the Big Wheel Feeders improve the feeding and growth performance of your animals. The feeder spreads animals radially around the self-cleaning trough which provides more standing room and less physical contact between the pigs. Conventional rectangular feeders force pigs into close contact with each other and often result in wasteful competition for the food.

HOG FARMER TESTIMONIAL

From Jeff Dorman: ‘I started raising hogs in 1983 and bought some of the first RO feeders from Osborne. Don’t know what year that was but a lot of them are the originals and are still on the farm. Then I moved into the nursery feeders and used them for close to 30 years probably.

The first thing we noticed when I put them in there with the Fast-Start was that the feed was always there, especially the first pallets. So the pigs come in and they’re averaging about 13 pounds and I sort them down.  The smaller group is around 10 pounds, some are up to 15 pounds but averaging around 13 pounds.
When we first started, we put the bigger ones on (the new pig feeder) and the next week we put the smaller pigs on.  There was no problem with the smaller pigs getting started on these feeders. They did just like we wanted them to. The first pellets lasted about 3 to 5 days and then I switch to another pellet that goes for another four or five days, so then it’s grind and mix. In that time-frame, from about 10 to 14 days, is when I noticed that they’ll switch from being gravity fed to start moving that mechanical wheel. Within about two weeks, they’re spinning that wheel. I’ve watched it 10 days up to about two weeks and they are moving the wheel with ease. Once they’ve spun the wheel, then there’s no problem with them having access to feed. There is always feed in the trough at that point.’

Osborne’s latest innovation in pig feeding comes from over 30 years of research and development in finding the optimal way to feed pigs.  To see the Fast-Start feeder that converts from gravity to mechanical feeding automatically and all the Osborne pig feeder line-up, visit Barn World Livestock Supplies today!

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Calf Warmers and Calving Season

Calf Warmer on the grass with a picture of a calf on the side for scale

It’s that time of year again; time to start planning for calving season! Spring is fast approaching and you need to make sure you have the necessary calf warmers and livestock supplies to protect your newborns from the elements when they arrive.  To give them the best start to a healthy life and to provide the necessary weight gains early on, make sure you provide a calf warmer for their first hours on earth!

interior of a calf warmer

Health advantages of calf warmers

It’s not always possible to be born and on a warm, sunny day and it seems more often than not that the weather is at its worst when your calf arrives. A warmer provides a secure and comfortable enclosure to foster a nurturing environment and allows for the quickest possible recovery after what can be a very traumatic birthing process. Leaving its comfortable and toasty mother and being thrown directly into the often cold, wet and windy conditions, a newborn is immediately exposed to a dangerous and life-threatening environment while they are so fragile.  It can be such a dramatic shock that your animal may experience long-term health problems or even death from extreme exposure at such an early point in its life. Immediately protecting your animals from the elements is never more important than when they are in such a vulnerable state.

Heating Controls in calf warmers:

A calf warmer heater and fan is used in combination to keep the interior warm and provide protection from the cold.  Most heaters have a thermostat or temperature control switch to keep the inside nice and cozy. The heater itself is usually powered with 110 volts and a multi speed fan helps distribute the heat, keeps moisture from building up and will provides proper ventilation for its occupant. Don’t let your little ones freeze in the pasture, keep them warm for the best recovery possible.

heater for calf warmer

Construction

Newborn warmers are typically made from durable and sturdy polyethylene and are large enough that your newborn calf can stand up in with the lid closed. The enclosed (but ventilated) environment allows for the natural sent to remain intact so the mother will still identify with the calf. An important consideration when they join up again.

side of calf warmer with picture of cow on the side

The lid of the shelter is usually completely removable allowing easy access to your animal and for ease in cleaning. Floors are raised and slotted for ventilation and are usually supported the entire length of the box with stainless steel. The bottom is typically ribbed with thicker material so the entire shelter can be drug around the pasture to where it’s needed.

calf warmer with the top off

Ventilation

Circulation is achieved by drawing air in the bottom, passing it over the heater where the fan pushes it up and out of the top vents. The eve vents have adjustable holes that can be opened or closed to help control airflow and will help regulate both temperature and humidity.

Providing the best for the growth of your herd and bottom line Calf Warmers are a simple and effective way to ensure the best possible start for the newest additions to your herd. Make sure yours have access to a warm, safe and enclosed environment this spring so your bottom line and your animals are as strong as possible.

If you have any questions or would like to provide the best start possible for your newborn calves, please visit or call Barn World today.

 

 

 

 

 

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