Hay feeders can make or break your livestock profit margins in a hurry. Wasted hay is one of the most expensive, yet easily containable costs associated with raising animals. With such an impact on your bottom line, it’s extremely important to minimize your feed expenses and Barn World has the hay feeders to do just that.
The most effective means of keeping your livestock from wasting hay and driving up your feeding costs is to contain the hay in a clean environment that gives them the opportunity to eat it rather than walk on it. We’ve all experienced hay blowing around a feeder only to be trampled into the mud by the animals that should be eating it, creating a needless waste of money. The simple solution is a hay feeder that not only allows them to eat from the bale, but also keeps the hay clean and together for consumption.
Here’s a look at three different styles of hay feeders that offer long lasting economic benefits for feeding your livestock:
This feeder is a large, traditional round bale feeder with a 9 foot diameter and 12 feed openings. It has heavy-duty mud legs, and its 1-1/2″ x 2.5″ 16 gauge high tensile tubing makes this feeder extremely sturdy to take years of abuse from your livestock. Weighing in at 440 pounds, this large feeder will handle up to 20 head of cattle.
This is an extremely large and heavy cattle feeder weighing 600 pounds. It rests on skids so that it may be moved about your pastures with ease. At 7 feet wide, 8 feet long and 72 inches tall, this indestructible feeder offers the ability to suspend your hay bale above the mud, dirt and water and can also be used to feed grain in the pan below. The entirely welded design of 2″ square tubing and angle iron give it incredible strength to withstand any abuse.
A unique design in that it suspends the hay bale off the ground and allows your livestock to get out it from all angles. Suspending the hay bale helps prevent water damage, rotting and mold. It also keeps the bale fresh and free from dirt so the hay remains a clean source of food for your livestock. It’s a simple and effective means of keeping hay costs to a minimum.
Keeping your costs low and your animals healthy and growing are the primary objective of any rancher. These hay feeders are designed to last and provide economic benefits to you and your livestock for years.
A simple Texas Gate provides security and peace of mind for your farm and ranch and is one of the most valued assets of livestock equipment available to the modern rancher today. Gone are the days were you would have to stop and get out of your vehicle only to drive forward, stop again, get out and close the gate behind you. With a cattle guard, you won’t worry that someone may have left a gate open releasing your animals to the great unknown! A simple cattle guard, when properly installed, will provide years of worry free livestock control.
Traditional cattle guards are made from c-channels or I-beam load supports with either round or flat top piping. Round top-pipe provides a greater deterrent for livestock by creating not only a rounded surface that’s more challenging to balance on, but also a greater visual deterrent. The curved edges create greater shadow contrast making it look even more imposing to animals. The combination provides an effective deterrent for livestock and other flat hoofed creature.
provide a physical barrier while also creating a smoother ride for passing traffic than the round pipe. They’re most popular on heavily traveled roadways and provide a smoother crossing for high-speed vehicles. Although better for crossing trucks and cars, the flat surface will allow for a more stable foothold for animals and thus have a slightly less physical deterrent than round piped guards.
Temporary or boxed cattle guards
Boxed guards are quite common in the construction industry. They are traditional round top-pipe cattle guards with a steel skirt welded around the outside to prevent dirt from creeping into the open vault area underneath. They’re designed to lay directly on a flat surface and can be used as a construction site washout or a dirt rumbler to clean debris from equipment before leaving a job site. They are also convenient in that they can be transferred from one site to the next as work requires.
Barn World Livestock Supplies offers a custom guard built for ATVs and designed to be inserted directly into a fence line. It’s a simple and effective means of quickly adding access to other pastures without creating the need for a permanent guard that requires concrete footings or vaults to be dug. Just cut your fence and drop it into place for foot or atv access.
Warning: Cattle guards do not work with all animals
Balancing a flat hoof on a round pipe is a difficult proposition for most animals. There are some exceptions: goats, sheep and other surefooted livestock can cross cattle guards fairly easily and your soft-footed barnyard friends such as dogs & cats will be able to walk right across.
Please note that cattle guards are not recommended for use with horses. Their smaller and slender legs can slide down between the rails and be expose to breakage at their weakest point. Being a flight animal means that they will struggle more fiercely out if panic to get out and unintentionally increase the risk of injury. The best barrier for these animals is a swing gate.
Simple and effective, cattle guards provide a swift and maintenance free method of ensuring your livestock stay on your ranch. You will never need to open and close gate again and you’ll have peace of mind knowing that a gate somewhere has been left open.
If you have any questions about installation or need and long-lasting heavy-duty cattle guard for your farm and ranch, contact Barn World (720.238.2190) as they have a large selection and a knowledgeable staff to help.
Make sure to care for your newborn livestock with this simple and essential piece of livestock equipment on your farm and ranch. Your new calves need a secure and warm environment to protect them from the cold and bitter winds and temperatures of winter. They need help retaining their body heat to allow them to gain their bearings while recovering from birth. The stress of the cold can cause severe health problems and even death. In cold climates, when they are literally dropped from the warm of the mother, completely wet, onto the frozen ground, hypothermia can lead to the loss of life of even the hardiest of calves.
Calf Heaters can ensure that the calf is protected from the elements and given the best environment to recover from the birthing process. The first twenty four hours of life find them exposed to the risk of hypothermia – the stress on the animal brought on by being exposed to the cold. It is extremely dangerous and must be taken very seriously as the death of your calf can result.
Symptoms of hypothermia
Without the heat of a calf warmer, the young calf’s body will try and compensate by moving warm blood away from its extremities to the center or core of its’ body. Initially, the most common symptoms are shivering, rapid breathing and an increased pulse rate. The shivering can keep the calf from standing and cause an over-all lack of coordination.
As the hypothermia becomes more sever, the lack of blood to the extremities can cause them to turn pale or blue as there is a lack of oxygen near the surface of the body. The internal organs begin to cool and signs of life can be difficult to detect. If left untreated, the calf can die.
A simple and effective means of preventing the loss of a newborn livestock is the calf warmer. It is generally made out of a very durable poly-ethylene and hinged like a large clam to provide the room for a calf to stand in the comfort of warm air. They are excellent shelters and are commonly used on all farms with livestock births. They typically have a heater and a floor that allows warm air to rise through a floor and out the top vents.
Due to their size, usually 4’ long and 4’ tall, they are typically designed to be towed by a vehicle to where they are needed. They can come with tow ropes and large bottom skids to make the job easier and to provide for longevity.
A must in all livestock supply arsenals, these simple and effective warmers will give the best care to your newborn calves and give them a health start to a prosperous life for both animal and owner.
Visit Barn World for a selection of calf warmers and all of your livestock supplies or call (720) 238-2190.
Cattle guards are an indispensable part of managing livestock. Their simplicity and ease of use, combined with their longevity, make them the ultimate Texas gate.
Cattle Guard Foundation Installation
Although some have mounted cattle guards to railroad ties for support, the most permanent and recommended installation method begins with a concrete vault. The vault serves two purposes:
keep the dirt from behind the walls of the vault area from creeping in
allow the footings to provide proper support
A concrete cattle guard foundation will ultimately be a thick, four-walled ‘box’ and is recommended to be poured after the arrival of the cattle guard. The depth of the walls is not a one-size-fits all measurement, but is determined by the local conditions such as drainage, soil type and freezing levels. It is important that a contractor who is familiar with the site conditions be consulted so that the foundation will provide a solid and stable base for the cattle guard to rest on. The support beams do not rest on the vault walls, only on the footers to transfer the weight of the passing vehicles to the ground.
Generally, it is suggested a trench, about a foot deep and wider than the guard itself be dug. The cattle guard foundation walls should be at least six inches wide to make up the ‘vault box’ so that dirt will not collapse the walls and the footers should be large enough to support the passing vehicle weight and transfer the load to the ground. We typically see 12 inch walls that are eighteen inches deep to support each load-bearing beam of the guard.
Depending upon your soil conditions, drainage may be achieved with a deep crushed-rock base such as a French drain or by running PVC piping through the concrete walls to discharge any excess water. Some areas may allow for natural drainage, but without proper removal of any water, the foundation and thus the guard itself may be compromised. Effective drainage is vital to the longevity of the crossing and should be done with the best possible long-term solution in mind.
Boxed Cattle Guard Installations
A boxed cattle guard is a great choice for temporary use in low traffic areas or construction sites. Laid directly on flat ground, they can be spiked into the soil, railroad ties or a set in a firm gravel mix to help eliminate movement. They are great for low volume access areas and don’t require a vault to be dug underneath. A steel skirt is welded directly to the frame and will help keep the area below clear from creeping dirt. Very popular with construction sites, the guards may be moved from location to location and be used as rumblers, dirt shakers, or washout areas to clean equipment before leaving a job site.
Best used in situations where the cattle guard will be used temporarily, these versatile installations will do well for all types of applications.
For ease of use, nothing provides better access to your livestock than a properly installed Texas Gate. You don’t need to manually open and close it or worry about someone leaving it open and your animals wandering off. With proper installation, this convenient and secure access will greatly improve your ability to manage your farm and ranch.
Please visit BarnWorld.com to see our selection and don’t hesitate to let us know if you have any questions or need any help with your installation!
This unique horse waterer is a non-electric, automatic waterer that remains frost free year-round. It’s on-demand feature eliminates freezing in the winter and pooling for insect eggs such as mosquitoes. A very simple design that’s easy to install, this waterer is a perfect fit for every farm and ranch.
Pictures of the paddle and reservoir
All animals, whether livestock, equine or pets, require a constant supply of fresh water year-round to remain healthy and we have a great design that provides automatic fresh water without the risk of freezing or pooling.
Waterer Health Benefits
The unique on-demand feature of the Drinking Post horse waterer fills up a small bowl and that means not standing water and no electricity required in the winter months to keep the water from freezing. If you currently use troughs, buckets or a system with a float, you are creating a breeding area for mosquitoes and other disease carrying insect to breed and later possible infect your animals. The bowl feature of the drinking post eliminates these dangers, prevents freezing and means no more scrubbing of algae in waterers!
The water remains cool and fresh in the summer from the underground supply ambient temperature of approximately 50 degrees, and won’t freeze in the winter. No more electrical heating elements in your water tanks are necessary.
Livestock and especially horses need a fresh supply of water to maintain and control their temperature, flush toxins from their bodies, help digest feed, assist with milk production, lubricate their joints, saliva, maintain a healthy nervous system and create a healthy animal that can enjoy exercise. With all of these health benefits in mind, making sure your equine and livestock have access to clean water all the time is essential for their over-all well-being.
Benefits of Non-electric Waterers for Horses
The drinking post waterer requires no electricity to operate or stay ice free in the coldest of winters. Removing the electrical requirement from your waterer will:
lower your electric bill
do away with the risk of an electric shock
cattle-trough immersion heaters had a recall in 2009 due to electrical shock risk
constant water temperature year-round
fire risk eliminated – electric heaters can have faulty wiring or be abused by animals
Fire Dangers of waterer heaters:
“With a floating trough heater “young” or “mouthy” horses will play with them like bath toys, chewing on them or ultimately flipping them our of the trough and onto the ground. Also, because heat rises, this type of heater does not work well on deeper troughs in extremely cold climates. Ice will still form at the lower depths, keeping the overall temperature colder than ideal.
A short in the system could cause the unit to quit working. Worse, it could electrify the water, creating a shocking effect when your horse tries to take a drink….And of course, make sure electrical cords are well out of reach. If a horse chews through an electrical cord, it may be the last thing he ever chews on!” (November 2000 issue of Horse Illustrated)
“Electric water heating coils can pose a problem if they are not attended because once the water has boiled out the coil will continue to heat the bucket, allowing heat to transfer to adjacent materials. In November of 2000, twenty Standardbreds lost their lives in a fire whose cause was believed to be a portable submersible electric water heater… Before you add heat—for whatever reason—please carefully consider if it’s really necessary.” (http://www.firesafetyinbarns.com/20-electricalapps.html)
Health Benefits of no standing or stagnant water
If you’ve ever used a trough or large reservoir for your animal’s water supply then you know all too well about how the quality of that water quickly deteriorates. Birds, bird feces, rodents, insects and all types of critters can ruin the supply almost as quickly as you can fill the tank. This creates obvious health hazards from the horses and livestock drinking from the same water source.
With the drinking post, there is never the risk of your horse drinking from a contaminated water source as there is never any standing water to contaminate. Stagnant ponds, tanks and water buckets that contain algae – especially the blue-green algae – can be toxic to equine. If a natural water supply is not flowing with water, it is a general rule of thumb that it’s not suitable for horses to drink.
Stagnant water can contribute to:
Increase illnesses – especially from mosquitos, such as West Nile Virus
If you pull your water from a public utility, it’s generally monitored regularly and can be assumed to be a safe water supply for your horses. If coming from a well, as most rural areas do, it’s usually a good idea to monitor that supply yearly as a precaution. Both water sources are far more preferable to any type of standing water.
Given the number of pesticides, fertilizers and even the use of toxic chemicals in rural farming areas, it is important to monitor your water sources for contamination.
West Nile Virus
Mosquitoes are a very efficient carrier and transmitter of West Nile Virus and the Eastern and Western Equine Encephalitis. The best and easiest way to prevent the infection of your animals is to eliminate the mosquito as a constant presence in your watering area. This is effectively accomplished by removing any standing water where they can breed and spread the disease. Traditional watering methods of tanks, buckets etc., all allow for eggs to be deposited and hatch creating more carriers and compounding the problem, thus increasing the risk of infection. Using the drinking post will remove this breeding ground because there is never any standing water for the insects to multiply in. The bowl is empty when not in use and is not habitable. This also removes the bird feces and other hidden water contamination dangers of standing water troughs.
West Nile Virus Symptoms
Typical symptoms of West Nile in horses and livestock include:
Loss of Coordination
There is currently no cure for the West Nile Virus and horses that contract the virus can only be treated to help control the symptoms and it may take several months of a difficult recovery to get back to health. The mortality rate of infect equine is near 30%.
West Nile Areas
The CDC or Center for Disease Control documented current and past reports of WNV on their website. This large area shows there really isn’t a safe area from the disease. Anywhere there are mosquito, WNV is a danger to horses and livestock.
Give your horses and animals the cleanest water supply possible for their over-all health and your peace of mind with the Drinking Post from Barn World and remember that Barn World is your home for all your farm and ranch supplies – from cattle guards to saddle pads we can help with all your livestock supplies.
Cattle guards offer ease of access to your livestock pastures, farm and ranches while keeping your animals safe from wandering. The simple design allows vehicles to pass through a fence line holding most ranch animals without having to stop and open, then close a gate. If you have through traffic or other people working on your farm, you never have to worry about an open gate in the middle of the night.
Barn World offers each of the cattle guard types below with either round pipe or flat pipe on top. The top pipe runs perpendicular to the direction of vehicular traffic and rests directly on the c-channel or i-beams underneath. The weight of the vehicle is transferred from the pipe, to the beams and then to the ground.
Flat Top Rails
is ideal for areas of high speed traffic such as public roadways and other crossings with a lot of traffic moving at a faster clip. The finish allows for a more smooth transition of the barrier with the least amount of ride disruption to the passengers and vehicle. They can commonly be seen in use by state & federal highway projects.
Round Top Rails
are of the same design as the flat pipe and come in 3-1/2 or 4-1/2 diameters. The round pipe causes a bit more vibration on passing vehicles, but is seen as a more effective deterrent to livestock. The curvature of the pipe creates less of a balancing surface for hoofed animals creating more discomfort on the foot and leg if stepped on. It is very difficult for hoofed animals (goats excepted) to get a secure footing feeling while balancing all of their weight on such a small, rounded surface.
The curved pipe also creates an optical barrier for livestock. The curvature of the round pipe creates shadows that offer an optical barrier for the animals. A study was done comparing the effectiveness of traditional round pipe cattle guards to white lines of roughly the same width painted on a black road surface to create the illusion of depth. The painted lines were found initially to be surprisingly more effective than first thought. When cattle were introduced to the markings, they we not interested in testing the barrier, but when they had had some time to inspect the painted surface, the eventually were able to overcome their initially hesitation and cross without effort. Once they were able to determine the road was indeed flat, they did in fact cross easily. The optical illusion of a barrier did deter them for a time, but when incentivized to cross it, they did. The researchers found that they still preferred to go around the markings, but didn’t have a problem crossing once the ‘jig was up’.
The traditional round –piped cattle guard, couples the optical deterrent with the physical to provide the most effective obstruction. Livestock that are motivate to attempt a crossing and are brave enough to place a hoof on the guard quickly discover that the footing is unbearably unstable and will usually withdraw their hoof. After that initial uncomfortable encounter with the steel round pipe, they will typically avoid it at all costs.
We have had reports of some aggressive or spooked bulls attempt to jump over the obstacle. This is usually done in times of panic and some of the larger more athletic bulls can jump six feet or more on occasion. For these more muscular and nimble ‘jumpers’ and eight foot (in the direction of travel) cattle guard has proved to be more than enough to show the animal that it’s a barrier not to be contemplated.
Of special note, even round topped guards do not work with all animals. Smaller hoofed farm and ranch livestock such as goats and some sheep can be very nimble and often have no trouble tip-toeing through. Animals with soft pads on their feet are able to balance on the round piping and although not a comfortable footing, they are able to walk across if they desire.
Vaulted vs Boxed Cattle Guards
A second option available in the selection of cattle guards is the boxed vs. the traditional vaulted that requires a footing to rest on. The boxed is designed to lay directly on the ground in low traffic areas without a concrete foundation.
The boxed cattle guard
Boxed guards have a steel skirt surrounding it. The skirt may be either welded into place or be removable. The integral box is a steel skirt welded directly on that creates a barrier for dirt to creep underneath. With this type of box, installation may be made directly on the ground without the need of footings or digging. To clean out any debris that may have built up over time, it is simply drug out of place and then slid right back in. At near 12 inches tall, dirt ramps are built up on either side to allow vehicles to cross over.
This type of installation is considered less permanent and is very popular in low traffic areas and construction sites needing an equipment washout area or a dirt rumble to clean vehicles before they enter a pubic roadway. They are also more ‘portable’ and may be move from job site to job site if necessary.
Cattle Guard Installation
is done with a concrete foundation (although other materials are also used; ie railroad ties) and a ‘vault’ area is dug underneath to collect debris. Typically, a rectangular concrete foundation is poured to keep the dirt walls from falling in and to provide support to the beams that run in the direction of traffic. Although not considered a difficult endeavor, an experienced contractor who is familiar with the local soil conditions and frost / freeze levels is highly recommended. If not properly supported, changes to the soil during freezing, water saturation or runoff may affect the structural integrity of the crossing and the cattle guard itself.
There is also a cattle guard specifically designed for ATV use in crossing fence-lines. We’ve custom built these for golf carts passage as well. Simply cut whole in your fence-line and drop this guard into place. One you connect your fencing the vertical supports in the middle, you’re dont. That’s all that’s needed!
Another alternative to traditional cattle guards. These gates pivot and allow the it to lay flat for a vehicle to safely cross over and then return to their upright position automatically. This type of gate has been successfully used in busy feed lots with lots of tractor and truck traffic and provides yet another secure means of keeping livestock in place while allowing access to busy areas.
Cattle Guard Load Ratings
The American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials or AASHTO, supplies maximum load ratings necessary for highway bridges and all crossings that support traffic. The common load design specifications are shown in the table below:
H-15 (12 tons per axle)
H-20 (16 tons per axle)
U-54 (25 tons per axle)
U-80 (30 tons per axle)
These ratings are used by engineers who issue certificates of design reports and certify builders to ensure the product meets the load requirements for the ratings used above. To achieve the designation, manufacturers must use specific welding techniques, materials and designs before the guard can be certified and used in a public roadway. For most highway crossings, the 16 ton per axle or H-20 rating is used.
Non-rated cattle guards do not come with an engineer’s certification and are therefore more economical than the rated. They are used on private property and in some cases made from the same materials and design specifications as the rated. All cattle guards sold by Barn World are built to withstand fully loaded semi-trucks and large farm equipment. They are very popular with traditional farm and ranch operations.
Note that we do not offer concrete cattle guards. Although they may be initially cheaper than steel guards, our experience has been that they do not offer the longevity of steel and are subject to quickly cracking and chipping when exposed to the elements. Once it starts, the life of the crossing quickly diminishes and the entire structure will need to be replaced. A steel barrier offers the most durability and length of life for the user.
Considered the most effective means for controlling and containing livestock on a farm and ranch while offering the ultimate ease of access for all types of vehicles, steel cattle guards offer peace of mind and security no matter who needs to pass through a fence line.
Barn World offers a large selection of creep feeders for all your livestock needs. We even have creep feeders for the stall. For all of our creep feeders, please visit Barn World.com today or call (720) 238-2190.
Creep feeding is a means of providing supplemental feed for nursing kids. It is an essential component of an accelerated kidding and/or early weaning management program. It increases pre-weaning weight gain, especially for kids reared as a twin or triplet. Kids will reach a target market weight and can be marketed at a younger age. All Barn World goat creep feeders are built with a covered shelter to keep feed dry.
Creep feeding will have your calves ready for market sooner in high quality condition. Creep feeding also assures less strain on your brood stock. Healthy brood stock means better quality calves year after year. All calf creep feeders come standard with a gray enamel finish.
Nutrition is the key to successful wildlife and game management. And nothing is more important than protein. Protein is absolutely essential to the health of your entire herd and to the potential for trophy bucks. Whitetail deer need protein all year round, especially after the rut and during the critical 200-day antler-growing period. Protein feeding is the ideal complement to natural forage.
Barn World carries a large selection of creep feeders, both large and small. To see the full line up of feeders, please visit www.BarnWorld.com today or call (720) 238-2190.
These popular ducks are great for egg production and eating. Called a dual-purpose breed, they have been known to lay up to 200 eggs per year. William Cook fro Kent, UK is credited with the breed and they were introduced at a show in Islington, London in 1897 and admitted to the American Poultry Associations Stand of Perfection as the ‘Buff Duck’ in 1914.
Originating from the same home as the chicken breed of the same name at the world famous Orpington Farms in England, they are also referred to as Orpington Ducks.
The males are the same color as the females with the exception of the Drake’s head with blends into beautiful brown. Weighing up to 7 lbs, the hens are great layers and are about one pound lighter than the males.
Weight 7-8 lbs
Tail is well-curled and small
Feet are orange – yellow
Drake bill yellow
Female bill brown-orange
This breed is found in nearly all wetland habitats and eat a wide variety of insects, seeds, larvae, vegetation and grain. Usually a surface water filter-feeder, they will occasional dive for vegetation in shallow water.
A great breed for anyone just starting out, they will arrive in their specially designed container, comfortable and ready to explore their new world. Quick to feather out near only three months, they are considered to be a ‘smart’ breed and are a joy to have as pets or as producers.
Available hatch dates are from June, right on through September and orders ship within three days from BarnWorld.
Barn World is your home for all your livestock supplies, including everything from cattle guards to electric fencing and of course, a wide selection of ducks! Call them today at 720.238.2190.
Cattle guards eliminate the need for gates and allow easy access to farm and ranch pastures.Livestock are safely kept inside while you can access your land without having to stop to open and close a gate.
All cattle guards are constructed with heavy wall steel pipe and extra thick steel channel. All ends of these cattle guards are capped to prevent rust. Wings and boxed cattle guards are available with all sizes.
Cattle Guards Styles
Boxed style cattle guards
Boxed styles are designed to sit on flat ground with a gravel under-lament recommended for drainage of these cattle guards. In many cases these boxed cattle guards are used for wheel washes in construction sites, dirt rattlers and for providing access to low or slow traffic sites such as cell phone towers, off-site construction, driveways and other low traffic areas. In all cases a local contractor familiar with soil conditions and drainage considerations should be consulted when planning an installation.
Flat Style Cattle Guards
The flat style is designed to be mounted on cement footings and is the most popular in high traffic areas such as public roadways. They are bolted directly to the concrete footings that also create the ‘vault’ or empty space under the guard. This provide a visual deterrent to animals and is very effective in dissuading and attempt at crossing.
The flat style is a permanent installation and some designs have a hinged area on the guard that allows the center section to be lifted for cleaning out debris that may have collected in the vaulted space area underneath. This feature is not available on all guards, but may be included with most of the highway rated crossings.
General Cattle Guard Notes
Here are some general notes and guidelines:
All of our cattle guards are built to accommodate the fully loade weight tractor-trailer loads. The non-rated are most popular for private property such as driveways and are estimated to carry loads of 12 tons per axle.
The American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO) provides guidelines for cattle guards with maximum load ratings. AASHTO load ratings are suitable for all types of applications including heavy duty logging roads. (See the table at the bottom of this article for more details on AASHTO load ratings.)
AASHTO Design Specifications
H-15 (12 tons per axle)
H-20 (16 tons per axle)
U-54 (25 tons per axle)
U-80 (30 tons per axle)
Rated cattle guards will meet the specifications needed for state and federal requirements such as DOT, BLM, USFS, NP, and US Military installations. They are also used in commercial applications such as mining, forestry, agriculture, and petroleum production. Rated cattle guards are the product of choice for residential usage where city, county, or state regulations require the HS20 rating. Certified structural steel is used in the manufacture of HS20 rated cattle guards.
HS20 cattle guards will be certified by an independent engineering firm to meet commercial standards and are intended for government bids. For use on private land, buying standard cattle guards will save you thousands of dollars, are identical in size and are made out of the same materials. They just do not come with the certifications and paperwork all the way back to the steel mill that government agencies require. If a non-rated guard for a private drive is needed, use a standard cattle guard.
Cattle guards may be constructed with 3″, 3-1/2″ or 4″-1/2″ pipe. The 4″ pipe allows for an approximate gap of 4″ between each pipe and be built with 9 pieces. The 3-1/2″ outside diameter pipe guards have 11 pieces and are approximately 12-1/2″ tall.
There is no difference in strength between the boxed cattle guard and the flat styles of cattle guards. These cattle guards are designed to accommodate full semi loads at 10 tons per axle. All cattle guards weigh about 100 Lbs. per foot (a 10′ cattle guard weighs about 1,000 Lbs.). Add approximately 8 Lbs. per foot for boxed cattle guards and about another 200 Lbs. total for winged cattle guards.
Extending the depth of deterrent
To use for deer, you may need to place two cattle guards in tandem so you have 16 feet of protection. Cattle guards are easily bolted together to achieve greater distances in the direction of travel and create a larger deterrent for any animal wishing to attempt a jump. Please note that we recommend standard gates be used when containing horses, goats, all small hoofed and sure-footed animals and animals with paws.
Ordering your cattle guard:
For a shipping quote, please send us an email with your destination zip code and quanitity or feel free to call the telephone number at the bottom of this page with any questions you may have about our cattle guards.
When ordering cattle guards you will pay for the order without the shipping and we will collect the exact shipping cost with a second charge to the credit card used for the order.
Note: You must have equipment available to unload the cattle guards from the delivery vehicle when it arrives. The delivery truck will require you to unload the cattle guard with a loader or fork lift or some other means upon delivery.
Dimensions: Private use cattle guards are NOT built to exact dimensions. Sizes may vary slightly. Adding the removable box option will add about 7″ to the total length and width of the cattle guard. For example, a 12 foot cattle guard will be about 12′-7″.
If you have any questions, would like a quote with shipping or if we can help with anything at all, please don’t hesitate to contact us via email at Sales@BarnWorld.com or call anytime (720) 238-2190. We’ll be glad to assist in anyway we can.
The benefits of insulation and radiant heat barriers
The government has released a report on how effective eliminating radiant heat transfers can be for any living or work-space. The heat saving properties of such insulation provide a money saving system that will pay for the product and installation of the materials fairly quickly.
This type of insulation is typically installed in homes — usually in attics — primarily to reduce summer heat gain and reduce overall cooling costs. The barrier consists of a highly reflective material that reflects radiant heat and won’t let it be absorbed into the space that’s protected.
HOW THEY WORK
Heat travels from a warm area to a cool area by a combination of conduction, convection, and radiation. Heat flows by conduction from a hotter location within a material or assembly to a colder location, like the way a spoon placed in a hot cup of coffee conducts heat through its handle to your hand. Heat transfer by convection occurs when a liquid or gas — air, for example — is heated, becomes less dense, and rises. As the liquid or gas cools, it becomes denser and falls. Radiant heat travels in a straight line away from any surface and heats anything solid that absorbs its energy.
Most common insulation materials work by slowing conductive heat flow and — to a lesser extent — convective heat flow. Radiant barriers and reflective insulation systems work by reducing radiant heat gain. To be effective, the reflective surface must face an air space.
When the sun heats a roof, it’s primarily the sun’s radiant energy that makes the roof hot. Much of this heat travels by conduction through the roofing materials to the attic side of the roof. The hot roof material then radiates its gained heat energy onto the cooler attic surfaces, including the air ducts and the attic floor. A radiant barrier reduces the radiant heat transfer from the underside of the roof to the other surfaces in the attic.
A radiant barrier works best when it is perpendicular to the radiant energy striking it. Also, the greater the temperature difference between the sides of the radiant barrier material, the greater the benefits a radiant barrier can offer.
Radiant barriers are more effective in hot climates than in cool climates, especially when cooling air ducts are located in the attic. Some studies show that radiant barriers can reduce cooling costs 5% to 10% when used in a warm, sunny climate. The reduced heat gain may even allow for a smaller air conditioning system. In cool climates, however, it’s usually more cost-effective to install more thermal insulation than to add a radiant barrier.
Radiant barriers consist of a highly reflective material, usually aluminum foil, which is applied to one or both sides of a number of substrate materials such as Kraft paper, plastic films, cardboard, oriented strand board, and air infiltration barrier material. Some products are fiber-reinforced to increase durability and ease of handling.
Radiant barriers can be combined with many types of insulation materials in reflective insulation systems. In these combinations, radiant barriers can act as the thermal insulation’s facing material.
Pictures of radiant heat insulation
A radiant barrier’s effectiveness depends on proper installation, so it’s best to use a certified installer. If you choose to do the installation yourself, carefully study and follow the manufacturer’s instructions and safety precautions and check your local building and fire codes. The reflective insulation trade association also offers installation tips.
It’s easier to incorporate radiant barriers into a new home, but you can also install them in an existing home, especially if it has an open attic. In a new house, an installer typically drapes a rolled-foil radiant barrier foil-face down between the roof rafters to minimize dust accumulation on the reflective faces (double-faced radiant barriers are available). This is generally done just before the roof sheathing goes on, but can be done afterwards from inside the attic by stapling the material to the bottom of the rafters.
When installing a foil-type barrier, it’s important to allow the material to “droop” between the attachment points to make at least a 1.0 inch (2.5 cm) air space between it and the bottom of the roof. Foil-faced plywood or oriented strand board sheathing is also available.
Note that reflective foil will conduct electricity, so workers and homeowners must avoid making contact with bare electrical wiring. If installed on top of attic floor insulation, the foil will be susceptible to dust accumulation and may trap moisture in fiber insulation, so it is strongly recommended that you NOT apply radiant barriers directly on top of the attic floor insulation.