Cattle Guard Options – planning for animal control with cattle guards

Cattle guards livestock and animal control and convenience

Cattle guards allow for ease of access to your pastures and livestock, or keep your valuable animals at home without the use of cumbersome gates.  It’s not necessary to stop, get out of your vehicle or climb down from your farm equipment to open a gate, drive through, all the while watching for animals trying to escape along the way, only to then get out again to close the livestock gate behind you.   Better make sure it’s secure behind you to prevent a jail break when you’re not around!  The guards offer peace of mind knowing that a gate wasn’t left open and that you won’t have to spend your day chasing your cattle or other animals around the county!.

That’s why Barn World offers not only a large selection of livestock supplies, but also a wide variety of cattle guards and options.

Cattle Guard Options

Flat Pipe vs. Round Pipe – two different finishes for different uses.

The flat piping offers vehicles a smoother ride when crossing the control area and is a valuable option to consider when higher speeds are present.  Even through the flat topped guard isn’t as daunting to livestock as the round pipe, it still provides an effective deterrent.  These are typically used on highways and high traffic areas where speeds and vehicle comfort are a priority.

Round pipe offers the most effective means of dissuading animal crossings.  A large part of the deterrent is a mental and visual cue that the animal perceives.  A round piped guard creates a deeper shadow and the perception of a larger obstacle than the flat.  It also offers a more challenging physical barrier.  A flat hoofed animal with have a very difficult time finding footing on a rounded surface and won’t be able to balance its hoof on the pipe.  We have seen cattle ‘test’ a guard by placing a single hoof on the pipe only to realize that it can’t place any weight on the hoof to cross.  If the visual appearance doesn’t immediately persuade it to stay away, the inability to balance a single hoof on the cattle guard will.  The round style is very popular on farms, ranches, private drives and public roadways.

Cattle Guard Boxes

Boxed cattle guards allow for installation directly on the ground.  Dirt is typically piled up on each side to provide a ramp for vehicles to cross the 12” tall barrier.  The box itself is simply a steel skirt that prevents dirt from creeping in underneath and filling in the space under the guard.   You may choose from the integral box, which is welded directly,

 

Boxed Cattle Guard

Integral Box

or a removable box which allows for cleaning the vault area below without disturbing the area around it be simply lifting the guard:

cattle guard removable box

Removable Box

These boxed guards are extremely popular and useful for construction sites as washouts, dirt shakers and allow for installation without digging a vault and pouring footings.   To clean debris out from underneath, it can simply be drug from it’s resting place and then returned again.   It is important to install on level ground to prevent movement over time.

Cattle Guard Wings

Wings are used to connect the guard to a fence-line to prevent livestock from crossing around the fence post.  They are triangles that attached to the ends of the barrier, lean away from the roadway and provide a vertical post to run the fencing to.  Without them, crossing around the last fence post can be possible and some animals may just skirt the guard.

Cattle Guard Animal Safety

It’s important to remember that these barriers are not effective for all types of animals and of particular note, we don’t not recommend them for horses.  Horses hooves and legs are such that they can slide their leg down between the pipes.  They then panic in an effort to get out and can break their slender leg.  We suggest a gate be used with at all times to contain horses.

Other animals that may not be discourage and can simply walk across the tops or rounded pipe are goats, dogs & cats, sheep and hogs.  They are more sure-footed and can trot right across a cattle guard.

For information or help with your cattle guard project, whether it’s for private use, construction, public roadways or heavy duty off-road use, please contact  Barn World and we will be happy to help plan your project with you.

As always, please go to www.BarnWorld.com or call 720.238.2190 for all of your livestock supply needs!

 

 

 

 

Cattle Guards offer effective and convenient livestock control

 

Barn World

 

Cattle guards: the most efficient means of containing livestock without a gate.

If you have traffic through your pasture or across your fence-line,  you know how inconvenient a gate is especially if there are others that need to use it.  Not only that, but if someone were to leave the gate open or not latch it closed, you could be looking for and trying to track down your animals days later!

The cattle guard was created to allow vehicles to cross through a pasture fence-line without having to rely on opening and successfully closing a gate, however, they do not work with all animals.  As we have pointed out in other blog posts, (Cattle Guards can be dangerous to some animals) they are not effective with dogs, goats and sheep and can be especially dangerous to horses.  The best and safest means for effectively containing these type of sure-footing animals is a simple gate.

The rounded pipe cattle guard creates two deterrents for cows and other livestock

Cattle Guard

1.   Physical Discomfort

:  Hoofed animals have a flat surface at the end of their legs to place their weight.  This creates discomfort and a problem with balance when attempting to walk on an uneven surface.  When placed on a rounded pipe, the hoof will rock forward or backward and create an unstable condition for the animal making it almost impossible for them to balance.  If your livestock are brave enough to even attempt venturing a leg on, it will quickly discover how difficult it is to balance.  This physical barrier is an extremely successful DETERRENT for many hoofed animals.

2.  Optical Barrier

:  The seconded barrier element that a round-finsh cattle guard creates is mental; an optical barrier.  Being color blind and having very poor depth perception,  the shadows that are projected by the pipe between the rails, amplify the distance and depth between the pipes and will dissuade even the most stubborn or determined animals from thinking about crossing.  There have been studies on ‘virtual’ barriers that are no more than lines painted on a road to create the same optical illusion as a cattle guard, but they have been shown to have limited success in keeping cows home.

Picture of a ‘Virtual Cattle Guard’ from Wikipedia:

Virtual Cattle Guard

From Wikipedia

 

Deer: Deer are another common animal that can be effectively deterred by guards.  They are such athletic creatures and are able to jump large distances with little effort that it requires a larger impassable distance be created.  To effectively discourage these extreme jumpers, you need to provide at least a 12′ barrier and more commonly a 16′ barrier to prevent them from attempting a jump across.  This requires two 8′ guards be bolted together to provide a sixteen foot dimension in the direction of vehicle travel and an effective obstruction.  It goes without saying I hope that a fence, tall enough to prevent jumping, be attached to the cattle guard as well.

 

 Cattle Guards are not effective for all animals

Some animals will not be deterred or have a problem crossing a guard.  These are usually the non-hoofed variety with paws.  Dogs, cats, coyotes and others will have no trouble getting over the rounded pipes.  Even small hoofed animals such as sheep and goats will usually be able to trot right across without much effort.  Here, a gate has been shown to be the most effective.

Not for Horses or bison

The second most requested use we see for these animal deterrents is for the control of horses.  We do not recommend that they be used with horses as the horse anatomy has such a slender leg, that it’s hoof can slide down between the pipe until it reaches the bottom of the vault.  This traps the leg and exposes it to breaking easily when struggling to get out and can prove to be a devastating.  Please use a gate when keeping your horses in a pasture as a cattle guard and a horse leg do not mix well at all.

Bison or buffalo, offer a challenge at the other end of the hoof size spectrum.  Their hooves are so large, that if the surface pipes are not placed far enough apart, they can get them across the empty space span and create a stable bridge to balance on.  It is not an easy task for them, but here too, a gate is recommended for these large animals.

Crossing Cattle Guards –  A concern for human traffic

Although designed to prevent livestock from crossing,  these devises can also pose a dangerous predicament for humans, especially children.  The average gap in the piping is usually 3-1/2″ to 4-1/2″ and can be difficult for the human foot to handle when not being especially careful.  Because their feet are much smaller then an adults’ and that they may not be as well-suited for balancing on a curved surface, it can be particularly hazardous for a child to cross.  While it may be tempting to weld a small strip of metal or attach a board for people to cross, we would again recommend the use of a gate.  Even the smallest strip can allow the more sure-footed hoofed animals an escape route out of your pasture.

Flat Top Cattle Guards – a smoother alternative

When used in high traffic, or high speed areas, a flat-topped alternative can be used to provide a smoother ride for vehicles.  Although not quite as effective a barrier as the round pipe finish, the flat tops allow for an effective livestock control while providing a smoother ride for vehicles.

Cattle Guards

The individual crossing pipes that create the top of the guard are actually a flat topped hexagon that provides a smoother finish for cars and tractors to ride on.  They allow easier traversing for human feet while still creating a deterrent for animals.  Livestock are not as intimidated by this type of finish, but it can still be effective when properly installed.

Cattle guards are an efficient means of protecting and containing your livestock without the use of a gate.  They can save considerable inconvenience and provide a reliable way of keeping your animals from harm while providing effortless crossings for vehicles.

See Barn World for all your livestock supplies and help with your cattle guard projects.

 

Related articles

Cattle Guard article from Working Ranch for Barn World

Cattle Guards can be dangerous to some animals.

Barn world
Buy Cattle Guards at Barn World

 

Cattle guards can be dangerous to some animals.

Although they may be the most efficient means of keeping livestock in without a gate, we don’t recommend them for all animals.

When Gates are the Best Option

Horses, may be be most at risk and when attempting to cross a guard.  The anatomy of a horses’ leg are such that they may slip down between the pipes forming the top of the guard and in to the vault area underneath.  This.will expose the weakest part of their legs to breakage, and once panicked, they can break it quite easily while struggling to get out. For their safety, we only recommend the use of gates with horses.

Goats and dogs are immune to cattle guards.   These sure-footed animals can simply walk with ease across the top of the pipes. Again, gates are the best option for containment.

Deer Guards

Deer are extremely athletic creatures.  Their ability to jump seems almost effortless as they cross large distances in graceful hops.  It becomes necessary to extend the distance of the guard in the direction of travel to deter these animals from attempting cross.  A common white tail or mule deer can easily jump an 8 foot distance without any effort at all.  These animals require a better deterrent than a cow and and by combining and bolting together two guards, the effective crossing area becomes too daunting even for these creatures.  We recommend at least 16 feet in the direction of the vehicle travel to dissuade even the most ambitious jumpers.

When considering barriers for deer, it is important to remember that not only can they jump across large distances, but they can also jump over tall fence lines.  This will require that the fence line be extended directly to the edge of the cattle guard.  With bovine, a set of wings prevent crossings on the shoulders of the roadway, but with deer, a tall fence right to the shoulder will required.  You want to prevent jumping across the ends of the fencing.

Cattle Guards are for Bovine

The best use for these barriers is of course with cattle.  The traditional round pipe guard has been found to be more effective than the flat top.  Flat top finishes allow for smoother vehicle crossings, but the best for livestock have rounded tops.

Part of the effectiveness is a visual trick played on the cattle’s depth perception.  The shadows created by the round pipe make the crossing look even daunting than it actually is.  This in turn creates an even larger mental barrier and dissuades most livestock from even considering a crossing.  There are the occasional large bulls that when properly motivated can attempt a 6 foot or sometimes even an 8 foot jump, but these are few and far between.  When properly installed with wings, almost all cattle will refrain from even attempting a crossing.

Although designed almost exclusively for cattle, these barriers may be also be used for deer, when properly installed.

ATV Cattle Guard

ATV Cattle Guard

New this year is the ATV guard.  Designed for ease of installation, this porable standalone is a great option for fence line crossings for off-road vehicles in remote areas.  We have even custom designed these for golf cart crossings of fence lines.  Simply make a cut in your fence and drop into place.  It couldn’t be easier to install and the built-in rise creates an extremely effective optical and physical barrier.

Barn World offers plenty of assistance

If you have any questions about your cattle guard project, or need any help at all, please don’t hesitate to contact Barn World when planning your installation.  We have a wide variety and can offer quotes and bids for any project.

Barn World, LLC
720.238.2190

 

 

Heavy Duty Cattle Guards, a Texas Fence from Barn World

Barn World Logo

Cattle Guards

Barn World offers several types of cattle guards for private, commercial, public highway and heavy duty offroad equipment use. We comply with city, county, and/or state regulations.

Whether it’s called a Texas gate or a cattle guard, Barn World has the variety and selection needed to complete your project.

Private Use Cattle Guards

Private use cattle guards are perfect for farm and ranch use and for access areas where the total axle weight is up to 10 tons.  Semi trailers, tractors and large farming equipment are perfect for this type of guard.

Boxed style cattle guards  are designed to sit on flat ground. Gravel underlayment is recommended for drainage of these cattle guards. In many cases these boxed cattle guards are used for wheel washes in construction sites.

Flat style cattle guards are designed to be mounted on cement footings.

 

All cattle guards can withstand the weight of full tractor-trailer loads.
These cattle guards are constructed with an approximate gap of 4″ between each pipe.
Due to availability of pipe, cattle guards will be built with either 9 pieces of 4 1/2″ outside diameter pipe, or 11 pieces of 3 1/2″ outside diameter pipe and are 12-1/2″ tall.
There is no difference in strength between the boxed cattle guard and the flat styles of cattle guards.
These cattle guards are designed to accommodate full semi loads at 10 tons per axle.
Cattle guards weigh about 100 Lbs. per foot (a 10′ cattle guard weighs about 1,000 Lbs.). Add approximately 8 Lbs. per foot for boxed cattle guards and about another 200 Lbs. total for winged cattle guards.
To use for deer, you may need to place two cattle guards in tandem so you have 16 feet of protection. Cattle guards are easily bolted together and the extra depth will deter deer.
For a shipping quote, please send us an email with your destination zip code and quanitity or feel free to call the telephone number at the bottom of this page with any questions you may have about our cattle guards.
If you prefer, you may order your cattle guards online without the shipping total and we will forward the exact shipping cost for your review via email before processing your order.
A very important note: You must have equipment available to unload the cattle guards from the delivery vehicle when it arrives. The delivery truck will require you to unload the cattle guard with a loader or fork lift or some other means upon delivery.
Private use cattle guards are NOT built to exact dimensions and sizes may vary slightly.  Adding the removable box option will add about 7″ to the total length and width of the cattle guard. For example, a 12 foot cattle guard will be about 12′-7″.

Also see our unique ATV Cattle Guard:

For more information on cattle guards, installation or for help with any of your livestock supply needs, please visit www.BarnWorld.com today or call (720) 238-2190 and we’ll be happy to help.

Remember, Barn World is y our home for everything from saddle pads, hay feeders, grain bins, mineral feeders and everything to do with livestock.  We even carry livestock scales!

Cattle Guards HS20 from Barn World

BarnWorld.com

 

HS20 Cattle Guards are rated for road construction projects and public highways.

Barn World has a large selection to choose from and also carries more economical cattle guards for use on  private property.

Cattle Guards – Rated
Available in four different certified load ratings, these cattle guards are intended for use on public highways and heavy off-road equipment.
The American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO) provides guidelines for cattle guards with maximum load ratings. AASHTO load ratings are suitable for all types of applications including heavy duty logging roads.

AASHTO Design Specifications

Our HS20 rated cattle guards are made from schedule 40 steel and come in a variety of sizes to fit various cattle guard projects. We can alter the design of our cattle guards to use different kinds of pipe and rail depending on your needs. We have used round pipe, square rail, I-beam and other types of rail and channel to make rated cattle guards that are suitable for all public crossings.

Barn World HS20 rated cattle guards conform to AASHTO load rating requirement by type of truck and maximum axle load. Our rated cattle guards come with an engineer’s stamp and are certified to meet the AASHTO load ratings so you can feel confident that you are getting the best quality cattle guard.

We also offer a new ATV cattle guard for crossing fence lines on an ATV.

 

Call or visit Barn World for help with your cattle guard projects or to get quotes on HS20 rated cattle guards.

BarnWorld

720-238-2190.

 

Cattle Guard informational site from Barn World: All your cattle guard questions answered!

BarnWorld.com

Barn World has created an informational site to help with your cattle guard selection.

Ordering a cattle guard has been made easy through our informational website at Cattle-Guards.com.  It takes the mystery out of selecting and installing cattle guards.

It covers types of cattle guards, cattle guard uses, cattle guard certification and cattle guard installation.

Also included is a cattle guard vehicle load table for cattle guard weight ratings and cattle guard load ratings.

Visit cattle-guards.com today to help with your selection and cattle guard installation.

Barn World offers several types of cattle guards to meet your specific needs.Barnworld’s HS20 Rated Cattle Guards meet the demanding specifications needed for State and Federal requirements such as DOT, BLM, USFS, NP, and US Military installations. These cattle guards will provide years of rugged service in commercial applications such as mining, forestry, agriculture, and petroleum production. They are also the cattle guard of choice for residential usage where city, county, or state regulations require the HS20 rating. Certified structural steel is used in the manufacture of all Barnworld HS20 rated Cattle Guards.

The economical Basic 6′ and 8′ wide cattle guards are a heavy duty construction made with 3.5″ or 4.5″ pipe depending on availablity. The Standard 6’and 8′ wide cattle guards are made of NEW 3″ Schedule 40 steel. All Flat Cattle Guards may be ordered with optional wings, integral box, or removable box. The ATV size guards are unique in the industry. These cattle guards are suitable for all types of projects on private land. The standard boxed cattle guards are perfectly suited to construction sites, mine sites and oil field applications.

Our 7.5′ and 8′ spec cattle guards meet current AASHTO load ratings and are suitable for all types of applications where a square pipe is desired including heavy duty logging roads. They may be ordered with optional wings or cleanout line.

Barn World has a cattle guard to meet your needs. Please call us with your questions and to obtain shipping quotes. We can also provide professional bid packages for large company, military, and government programs.

Visit BarnWorld.com for all of yourlivestock supplies and livestock equipment needs.