Cattle Guards offer effective and convenient livestock control

 

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Cattle guards: the most efficient means of containing livestock without a gate.

If you have traffic through your pasture or across your fence-line,  you know how inconvenient a gate is especially if there are others that need to use it.  Not only that, but if someone were to leave the gate open or not latch it closed, you could be looking for and trying to track down your animals days later!

The cattle guard was created to allow vehicles to cross through a pasture fence-line without having to rely on opening and successfully closing a gate, however, they do not work with all animals.  As we have pointed out in other blog posts, (Cattle Guards can be dangerous to some animals) they are not effective with dogs, goats and sheep and can be especially dangerous to horses.  The best and safest means for effectively containing these type of sure-footing animals is a simple gate.

The rounded pipe cattle guard creates two deterrents for cows and other livestock

Cattle Guard

1.   Physical Discomfort

:  Hoofed animals have a flat surface at the end of their legs to place their weight.  This creates discomfort and a problem with balance when attempting to walk on an uneven surface.  When placed on a rounded pipe, the hoof will rock forward or backward and create an unstable condition for the animal making it almost impossible for them to balance.  If your livestock are brave enough to even attempt venturing a leg on, it will quickly discover how difficult it is to balance.  This physical barrier is an extremely successful DETERRENT for many hoofed animals.

2.  Optical Barrier

:  The seconded barrier element that a round-finsh cattle guard creates is mental; an optical barrier.  Being color blind and having very poor depth perception,  the shadows that are projected by the pipe between the rails, amplify the distance and depth between the pipes and will dissuade even the most stubborn or determined animals from thinking about crossing.  There have been studies on ‘virtual’ barriers that are no more than lines painted on a road to create the same optical illusion as a cattle guard, but they have been shown to have limited success in keeping cows home.

Picture of a ‘Virtual Cattle Guard’ from Wikipedia:

Virtual Cattle Guard

From Wikipedia

 

Deer: Deer are another common animal that can be effectively deterred by guards.  They are such athletic creatures and are able to jump large distances with little effort that it requires a larger impassable distance be created.  To effectively discourage these extreme jumpers, you need to provide at least a 12′ barrier and more commonly a 16′ barrier to prevent them from attempting a jump across.  This requires two 8′ guards be bolted together to provide a sixteen foot dimension in the direction of vehicle travel and an effective obstruction.  It goes without saying I hope that a fence, tall enough to prevent jumping, be attached to the cattle guard as well.

 

 Cattle Guards are not effective for all animals

Some animals will not be deterred or have a problem crossing a guard.  These are usually the non-hoofed variety with paws.  Dogs, cats, coyotes and others will have no trouble getting over the rounded pipes.  Even small hoofed animals such as sheep and goats will usually be able to trot right across without much effort.  Here, a gate has been shown to be the most effective.

Not for Horses or bison

The second most requested use we see for these animal deterrents is for the control of horses.  We do not recommend that they be used with horses as the horse anatomy has such a slender leg, that it’s hoof can slide down between the pipe until it reaches the bottom of the vault.  This traps the leg and exposes it to breaking easily when struggling to get out and can prove to be a devastating.  Please use a gate when keeping your horses in a pasture as a cattle guard and a horse leg do not mix well at all.

Bison or buffalo, offer a challenge at the other end of the hoof size spectrum.  Their hooves are so large, that if the surface pipes are not placed far enough apart, they can get them across the empty space span and create a stable bridge to balance on.  It is not an easy task for them, but here too, a gate is recommended for these large animals.

Crossing Cattle Guards –  A concern for human traffic

Although designed to prevent livestock from crossing,  these devises can also pose a dangerous predicament for humans, especially children.  The average gap in the piping is usually 3-1/2″ to 4-1/2″ and can be difficult for the human foot to handle when not being especially careful.  Because their feet are much smaller then an adults’ and that they may not be as well-suited for balancing on a curved surface, it can be particularly hazardous for a child to cross.  While it may be tempting to weld a small strip of metal or attach a board for people to cross, we would again recommend the use of a gate.  Even the smallest strip can allow the more sure-footed hoofed animals an escape route out of your pasture.

Flat Top Cattle Guards – a smoother alternative

When used in high traffic, or high speed areas, a flat-topped alternative can be used to provide a smoother ride for vehicles.  Although not quite as effective a barrier as the round pipe finish, the flat tops allow for an effective livestock control while providing a smoother ride for vehicles.

Cattle Guards

The individual crossing pipes that create the top of the guard are actually a flat topped hexagon that provides a smoother finish for cars and tractors to ride on.  They allow easier traversing for human feet while still creating a deterrent for animals.  Livestock are not as intimidated by this type of finish, but it can still be effective when properly installed.

Cattle guards are an efficient means of protecting and containing your livestock without the use of a gate.  They can save considerable inconvenience and provide a reliable way of keeping your animals from harm while providing effortless crossings for vehicles.

See Barn World for all your livestock supplies and help with your cattle guard projects.

 

Related articles

Cattle Guard article from Working Ranch for Barn World

Heavy Duty Cattle Guards, a Texas Fence from Barn World

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Cattle Guards

Barn World offers several types of cattle guards for private, commercial, public highway and heavy duty offroad equipment use. We comply with city, county, and/or state regulations.

Whether it’s called a Texas gate or a cattle guard, Barn World has the variety and selection needed to complete your project.

Private Use Cattle Guards

Private use cattle guards are perfect for farm and ranch use and for access areas where the total axle weight is up to 10 tons.  Semi trailers, tractors and large farming equipment are perfect for this type of guard.

Boxed style cattle guards  are designed to sit on flat ground. Gravel underlayment is recommended for drainage of these cattle guards. In many cases these boxed cattle guards are used for wheel washes in construction sites.

Flat style cattle guards are designed to be mounted on cement footings.

 

All cattle guards can withstand the weight of full tractor-trailer loads.
These cattle guards are constructed with an approximate gap of 4″ between each pipe.
Due to availability of pipe, cattle guards will be built with either 9 pieces of 4 1/2″ outside diameter pipe, or 11 pieces of 3 1/2″ outside diameter pipe and are 12-1/2″ tall.
There is no difference in strength between the boxed cattle guard and the flat styles of cattle guards.
These cattle guards are designed to accommodate full semi loads at 10 tons per axle.
Cattle guards weigh about 100 Lbs. per foot (a 10′ cattle guard weighs about 1,000 Lbs.). Add approximately 8 Lbs. per foot for boxed cattle guards and about another 200 Lbs. total for winged cattle guards.
To use for deer, you may need to place two cattle guards in tandem so you have 16 feet of protection. Cattle guards are easily bolted together and the extra depth will deter deer.
For a shipping quote, please send us an email with your destination zip code and quanitity or feel free to call the telephone number at the bottom of this page with any questions you may have about our cattle guards.
If you prefer, you may order your cattle guards online without the shipping total and we will forward the exact shipping cost for your review via email before processing your order.
A very important note: You must have equipment available to unload the cattle guards from the delivery vehicle when it arrives. The delivery truck will require you to unload the cattle guard with a loader or fork lift or some other means upon delivery.
Private use cattle guards are NOT built to exact dimensions and sizes may vary slightly.  Adding the removable box option will add about 7″ to the total length and width of the cattle guard. For example, a 12 foot cattle guard will be about 12′-7″.

Also see our unique ATV Cattle Guard:

For more information on cattle guards, installation or for help with any of your livestock supply needs, please visit www.BarnWorld.com today or call (720) 238-2190 and we’ll be happy to help.

Remember, Barn World is y our home for everything from saddle pads, hay feeders, grain bins, mineral feeders and everything to do with livestock.  We even carry livestock scales!

Cattle Guard article from Working Ranch for Barn World

Love That New Cattleguard

– by Jennifer Showalter, Working RanchTV

cattle guard

Handling Equipment Powder River cattleguards are designed to meet the American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO) specifications. The strongest models are built to handle up to 30 tons per axle. Opening and closing a gate from time to time is no sweat off any rancher’s back. It’s when the same gate has to be gone through over and over that it becomes more trouble than it’s worth. With this in mind, every rancher has a cow or two that seems to be able to smell an open gate and won’t let anyone slide by without closing the gate each and every time. To ease the aggravation and time loss with these high usage areas, ranchers are relying more and more on cattleguards. Matt Johnson with Powder River Livestock Handling Equipment in Provo, UT points out, “Cattleguards are the ultimate gate replacement for high traffic areas, but placing a guard in an area that you access only occasionally or that is less critical for gate control is probably a waste of resources.” To help with the selection and installation of a cattleguard, Working Ranch went out and gathered some pointers from a few different manufacturers. This is what we found:

Picking the right one: When selecting a cattleguard there are a number of things to scratch the old noggin over. For starters, rancher must determine what is the heaviest and the widest pieces of equipment that will ever cross their cattleguard. They then have to look for the cattleguard that will meet those standards.

Quality materials and craftsmanship obviously influence the price of a cattleguard, but also determine its longevity as long as the proper load rating is not abused. “The higher the cattleguard (load) rating, the higher the cost. The U-rated guards that are designed for extremely heavy loads are the most expensive. Anytime the distance across a road exceeds 16’, shipping rates can rise dramatically. In terms of cost, it sometimes makes more sense to order two small cattleguards to bolt together in either direction than it does to order one large custom cattleguard,” says Robert Moore with Barn World, LLC in Parker, CO. Ranchers must decide if a flat or box type cattleguard works better in their environment and whether they prefer square or round rungs. Flat style cattleguards are placed over a dug out cement vault, whereas box style cattleguards basically have a built in vault and sit close to the top of the ground.

Placement: Cattleguard placement varies because of different soil conditions, climates, drainage, and intended uses. Barn World suggests ranchers have a local contractor, who is familiar with the area, set the more permanent types of cattleguards. Installation for these cattleguards typically involves digging a one foot deep trench that is one foot wider than the cattleguard. Six inch wide walls should then be poured around all four sides to prevent dirt from collapsing in. In the bottom of the trench, a 12” wide and 18” deep footer is needed under each beam of the cattleguard. It is critical that the cattleguard sits on footers that are sufficient to support the full load of traffic. Ranchers must keep in mind that the vault does not support a cattleguard in any way. While setting a cattleguard, installing large PVC pipe through the forms or digging out and adding gravel will help with drainage issues. Box cattleguards typically do not need a vault. Their box formation keeps dirt from working into the guard. “One of the biggest mistakes folks make is setting their (box style) cattleguard at ground level. You have to hold them slightly above grade and ramp up to and away from them to prevent them from filling in.

Cows don’t like to jump on a grade where their front-ends are higher than their back-ends,” explains Tom Jones, with JE Hill Precast in Leesburg, FL. When placing two cattleguards next to each other, both gaps and edges must be avoided. If there is a solid edge, cattle can master walking it. Some ranchers find it beneficial to purchase or build a set of wings for their cattleguard. “Various styles of wings can be used. They should be able to be secured to the guard grid or the base it is built on. Any type of wing should remove the risk that livestock can circumvent the guard,” notes Johnson. Jones points out another added benefit of wings, “Wings are a way of exaggerating the opening of a cattleguard. For example, if you have a 16’ cattleguard and a 16’ mower, you can lay the wings back and fit through.”

Limitations: Jones warns people that before they are sold on the idea of a cattleguard, they must be aware of their limitations. He finds that cattleguards typically do not work to separate cows from their calves or cycling cows from bulls. They also have a hard time holding cows without water from water and cows without feed from feed. Jones discourages ranchers from putting cattleguards in corners or along the edge of an alleyway where cattle can easily crowd them.

A peek at what these boys have to offer: Powder River: www.powderriver.com Powder River cattleguards are made out of structural steel, have square cross rails, and are either powder coated green or painted yellow. These cattleguards are designed to meet the American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO) specifications. Powder River builds a wide range of cattle guards with the strongest built to handle up to 30 tons per axle. Powder River cattleguards are available in 8’, 10’, 12’ and 14’ road lengths and 7’5’’ and 8’ widths. Powder River offers an optional three rail clean out section on all of their models except the U-80’s. Wings, steel posts, and pre-cast concrete bases are also available. Powder River stands behind its cattleguards with a five-year warranty.

Barn World: www.barnworld.com Barn World offers rated, standard, and basic boxed and flat style cattleguards.

cattle guards

Their rated cattleguards are intended for highways or for heavy off-road equipment. They are available with certified load ratings of H-15, H-20, U-54, and U-80. Barn World also offers an HS20 rated cattleguard to meet State and Federal requirements. Certified structural steel is used in the manufacture of all Barn World HS20 rated cattleguards. Barn World’s line of standard cattleguards are made with new .113 walled steel pipe, and like all Barn World cattleguards, come with a gray enamel finish. Their basic cattleguards are made of a heavy duty structural .188 walled pipe with diameters of 3.5” or 4.5”.

Barn World now offers a cattleguard design specifically for ATVs. These ATV cattleguards are made of 1.5 x 11 gauge square tubing and are 72” wide by 91” long. The overall width of these guards including their wings is 87”. A 14” ramp on each side allows them to be set on top of the ground and eliminates the need for a vault. Barn World is strictly an Internet-based business.

With three cattleguard manufacturing plants across the United States, Barn World strives to keep shipping costs at a minimum. JE Hill Precast: www.jehillprecast.com JE Hill Precast concrete cattleguards feature rounded top rails and built-in footers that eliminate the need to pour concrete. These cattle guards simply sit on top of the ground and are best positioned so they are held slightly above grade with a gravel ramp on both sides. They come in 12’, 14’, and 16’ road spans and all measure 6’6’’ across. JE Hill Precast’s standard cattleguards have a 72,000 pound gross vehicle weight (GVW) limit, while the heavy duty models have greater than a 90,000 pound GVW limit. These cattleguards weigh from 5,000 to 7,000 pounds depending on their size. JE Hill Precast cattleguards are designed so they require no additional construction, can be installed in two hours or less, and can easily be relocated.

Cattle Guard Post: HS20 Certified Cattle Guards from Barn World

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Barn World Has HS20 Certified Cattle Guards for Public Roads
Barn World makes superior HS20 rated cattle guards for public roads and highways. Our HS20 rated cattle guards are made from schedule 40 steel and come in a variety of sizes to fit various cattle guard projects.
We can alter the design of our cattle guards to use different kinds of pipe and rail depending on your needs. We have used round pipe, square rail, I-beam and other types of rail and channel to make rated cattle guards that are suitable for all public crossings.
Barn World HS20 rated cattle guards conform to AASHTO load rating requirement by type of truck and maximum axle load. Our rated cattle guards come with an engineer’s stamp and are certified to meet the AASHTO load ratings so you can feel confident that you are getting the best quality cattle guard. Call Barn World with your questions and plans to get quotes on HS20 rated cattle guards at 720-238-2190.
    

Cattle Guards for Public Roads require a Barn World HS20 Certified Cattle Guard

For superior HS20 certified cattle guards, visit www.BarnWorld.com.  We offer the necessary cattle guard certifications and strong cattle guards made from schedule 40 steel.  They come in a large variety of sizes to fit almost any project you may be involved in.

Used primarily for livestock control, they can offer a strong deterrent to deer if placed side-by-side to form 12′ or more barrier in the direction of travel and other animals as well.  Please note that we do not recommend cattle guards for horses, goats or dogs as they simply are not effective.  Horses can get a leg broken in them and goats, dogs and other sure footed animals will be able to cross the cattle guard.

Cattle guards can be made from different types of piping depending upon your livestock control needs.  We can use round 3-1/2″ or 4-1/2″  pipes or square pipes for the top rail.  Typically the larger and more round the pipe that is used on top, the more of a deterrent it is for livestock.  A 4-1/2″ pipe will have a greater curve and  thus provide a more unstable footing for a daring animal.  It will also have a larger gap between the pipes making it much more difficult to cross.  The smaller 3-1/2″ pipe will still keep livestock off of your cattle guard and will provide a smoother rider for crossing vehicles.  The same is true for the flat pipe.  It will offer a very smooth ride when crossing, but isn’t the strongest deterrent.

Every HS20 rated cattle guard is certified to conform to the load rating requirements provided by the American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials or AASHTO.  They spell out the requirements and suitable load ratings for all highway rated cattle guards.   All of our rated cattle guards come with the engineer’s stamp to provide the assurance that you’re installing an AASHTO certified cattle guard.

For more information on cattle guards and cattle guard installation, please visit Barn World give us a call at (720) 238-2190 and we’ll be glad to help.  Don’t forget, Barn World offers a large selection of livestock equipment and livestock supplies for all of your farm and ranch needs.

Barn World   (720) 238-2190

Cattle Guards HS20 from Barn World

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HS20 Cattle Guards are rated for road construction projects and public highways.

Barn World has a large selection to choose from and also carries more economical cattle guards for use on  private property.

Cattle Guards – Rated
Available in four different certified load ratings, these cattle guards are intended for use on public highways and heavy off-road equipment.
The American Association of State Highway Transportation Officials (AASHTO) provides guidelines for cattle guards with maximum load ratings. AASHTO load ratings are suitable for all types of applications including heavy duty logging roads.

AASHTO Design Specifications

Our HS20 rated cattle guards are made from schedule 40 steel and come in a variety of sizes to fit various cattle guard projects. We can alter the design of our cattle guards to use different kinds of pipe and rail depending on your needs. We have used round pipe, square rail, I-beam and other types of rail and channel to make rated cattle guards that are suitable for all public crossings.

Barn World HS20 rated cattle guards conform to AASHTO load rating requirement by type of truck and maximum axle load. Our rated cattle guards come with an engineer’s stamp and are certified to meet the AASHTO load ratings so you can feel confident that you are getting the best quality cattle guard.

We also offer a new ATV cattle guard for crossing fence lines on an ATV.

 

Call or visit Barn World for help with your cattle guard projects or to get quotes on HS20 rated cattle guards.

BarnWorld

720-238-2190.

 

Cattle Guard informational site from Barn World: All your cattle guard questions answered!

BarnWorld.com

Barn World has created an informational site to help with your cattle guard selection.

Ordering a cattle guard has been made easy through our informational website at Cattle-Guards.com.  It takes the mystery out of selecting and installing cattle guards.

It covers types of cattle guards, cattle guard uses, cattle guard certification and cattle guard installation.

Also included is a cattle guard vehicle load table for cattle guard weight ratings and cattle guard load ratings.

Visit cattle-guards.com today to help with your selection and cattle guard installation.

Barn World offers several types of cattle guards to meet your specific needs.Barnworld’s HS20 Rated Cattle Guards meet the demanding specifications needed for State and Federal requirements such as DOT, BLM, USFS, NP, and US Military installations. These cattle guards will provide years of rugged service in commercial applications such as mining, forestry, agriculture, and petroleum production. They are also the cattle guard of choice for residential usage where city, county, or state regulations require the HS20 rating. Certified structural steel is used in the manufacture of all Barnworld HS20 rated Cattle Guards.

The economical Basic 6′ and 8′ wide cattle guards are a heavy duty construction made with 3.5″ or 4.5″ pipe depending on availablity. The Standard 6’and 8′ wide cattle guards are made of NEW 3″ Schedule 40 steel. All Flat Cattle Guards may be ordered with optional wings, integral box, or removable box. The ATV size guards are unique in the industry. These cattle guards are suitable for all types of projects on private land. The standard boxed cattle guards are perfectly suited to construction sites, mine sites and oil field applications.

Our 7.5′ and 8′ spec cattle guards meet current AASHTO load ratings and are suitable for all types of applications where a square pipe is desired including heavy duty logging roads. They may be ordered with optional wings or cleanout line.

Barn World has a cattle guard to meet your needs. Please call us with your questions and to obtain shipping quotes. We can also provide professional bid packages for large company, military, and government programs.

Visit BarnWorld.com for all of yourlivestock supplies and livestock equipment needs.